1988 JA Pople. In recognition of his wide-ranging contributions to theoretical chemistry, especially his development and application of techniques for the computation of molecular wave-functions and properties.
1987 Alec John Jeffreys. In recognition of his contributions to the chemistry of human DNA - in particular the discovery and exploitation of hypervariable satellites in the human genome.
1986 AG Ogston. In recognition of his early seminal proposal of the ways enzymes deal asymmetrically with symmetrical substrates and his later quantitative analysis of macromolecule interactions which elucidated polymer exclusion effects.
1985 Jack Lewis. For his outstanding work on the structure and reactivity of metal cluster compounds, including pioneering work on carbido and hydrido derivatives, and pi-donor organic molecules.
1984 Sam Edwards. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the theoretical basis of thermodynamic aspects of polymer chemistry.
1983 Duilio Arigoni. In recognition of his distinguished creativity in the fields of biosynthesis and bioorganic stereochemistry.
1982 Michael James Steuart Dewar. In recognition of his distinguished studies of the mechanisms of a wide range of chemical reactions based on semi-empirical wave mechanical calculations.
1981 Ralph Alexander Raphael. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to organic synthesis and in particular his ingenious applications of acetylenic intermediates.
1980 Alan Woodworth Johnson. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the chemistry of natural products including vitamin B12 porphyrins, plant germination factors and insect hormones and pheromones.
1979 Joseph Chatt. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to transition metal chemistry and the understanding of catalysis involving ligating molecules such as olefins or dinitrogen.
1978 Albert Eschenmoser. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to modern synthetic organic chemistry, well illustrated by his impressive total synthesis of vitamin B12.
1977 Alan Rushton Battersby. In recognition of his outstanding and internationally recognized contributions to biosynthesis - his meticulous and logical unravelling of the complex pathways by which alkaloids and porphyrins are elaborated in vivo.
1976 Rex Edward Richards. In recognition of his outstanding contributions to nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and its application to chemical and biological problems.
1975 Theodore Morris Sugden. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to physical chemistry including particularly the reactions occurring in flames.
1974 James Baddiley. In recognition of his distinguished researches on coenzyme A and studies of the constituents of bacterial cell walls.
1973 John Stuart Anderson. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to chemistry especially on the structural investigation of imperfect surfaces and non-stoichiometric materials.
1972 Arthur John Birch. In recognition of his distinguished biosynthetic studies of organic natural products and his development of new reagents for reduction processes.
1971 George Porter. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to our understanding of chemical reactions.
1970 Charles Alfred Coulson. In recognition of his distinguished work in theoretical chemistry.
1969 Frederick Sydney Dainton. In recognition of his distinguished work on the mechanisms of chemical reactions.
1968 John Warcup Cornforth and George Joseph Popjak. In recognition of their distinguished joint work on the elucidation of the biosynthetic pathway to polyisoprenoids and steroids.
1967 Vladimir Prelog. In recognition of his distinguished work in the development of stereochemical concepts and on the structure of alkaloids and antibiotics.
1966 Ewart Jones. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to synthetic organic chemistry and to the elucidation of the structures of natural products.
1965 Harold Warris Thompson. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to infra-red spectroscopy and its application to chemical problems.
1964 Melvin Calvin. In recognition of his pioneering work in chemistry and biology, particularly his elucidation of the photosynthetic pathway for the incorporation of carbon dioxide by plants.
1963 Edmund John Bowen. In recognition of his distinguished work on the elucidation of photochemical reactions, and for his study of fluorescence and phosphorescence in relation to the molecular processes concerned.
1962 Harry Julius Emeleus. In recognition of his distinguished researches in inorganic chemistry and the discovery and examination of a wide range of new compounds.
1961 Derek Harold Richard Barton. In recognition of his distinguished researches in organic chemistry, particularly on the structure and stereochemistry of natural products of the terpene and steroid series; and the analysis of the conformation of cyclic structures.
1960 John Monteath Robertson. In recognition of his distinguished pioneering work on the analysis of crystal structure, especially of organic compounds.
1959 Robert Burns Woodward. In recognition of his distinguished researches in organic chemistry and particularly for his contributions to the structure and synthesis of natural products.
1958 Ronald George Wreyford Norrish. In recognition of his distinguished work in chemical kinetics, especially in photochemistry.
1957 Kathleen Lonsdale. In recognition of her distinguished studies in the structure and growth of crystals.
1956 Robert Downs Haworth. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the chemistry of natural products particularly those containing heterocyclic systems.
1955 Harry Work Melville. In recognition of his distinguished work in physical chemistry and in polymer reactions.
1954 James Wilfred Cook. For his distinguished fundamental investigations in organic chemistry.
1953 John Lennard-Jones. For his distinguished work on the applications of quantum mechanics to the theory of valency and to the analysis of the intimate structure of decimal compounds.
1952 Alexander Robertson. In recognition of his researches into the chemistry of natural products, particularly the wide range of glycosides, bitter principles and colouring matters containing heterocyclic oxygen atoms.
1951 Eric Rideal. For his distinguished contributions to the subject of surface chemistry.
1950 John Simonsen. For his distinguished researches on the constitution of natural products, especially the plant hydro-carbons and their derivatives.
1949 Alexander Robertus Todd. For his structural synthetic studies and achievements in organic and bio-chemistry, with special reference to vitamins B1 and E and the naturally occurring nucleosides.
1948 Edmund Langley Hirst. In recognition of his outstanding work in the determination of the structure of sugars, starches, plant gums and especially of vitamin C.
1947 Linus Carl Pauling. In recognition of his distinguished contributions to the theory of valency and for theor application to systems of biological importance.
1946 Christopher Kelk Ingold. In recognition of his distinguished work in applying physical methods to problems in organic chemistry.
1945 Robert Adams. In recognition of his extensive researches in the field of organic chemistry and of his recent work in the alkaloid field.
1944 Robert Robertson. In recognition of his researches on explosives, analytical methods, the internal structure of diamond, and infra-red absorption spectra.
1943 Ian Morris Heilbron. In recognition of his many notable contributions to organic chemistry, especially to the chemistry of natural products of physiological importance.
1942 Cyril Norman Hinshelwood. In recognition of his distinguished work on the mechanism of chemical reactions.
1941 Henry Drysdale Dakin. For his work as a pioneer in biochemical research and especially because of his fundamental contributions to the study of intermediate metabolism.
1940 Harold Clayton Urey. For his isolation of deuterium, the heavy hydrogen isotope, and for his work on this and other isotopes in following the detailed course of chemical reactions.
1939 James William McBain. For having opened up the study of colloidal electrolytes, provided the elements of the guiding theory, and developed the subject.
1938 George Barger. In recognition of his distinguished researches on alkaloids and other natural products.
1937 Hans Fischer. In recognition of his work on the chemistry of the porphyrins, particularly his determination of their detailed structure by degradation and his syntheses of porphyrins of biological importance.
1936 William Arthur Bone. For his pioneer work on contact catalysis and his researches on the mechanism of combustion of hydrocarbons and on the nature of flames and on gaseous explosions.
1935 Arthur Harden. For his distinguished work in biochemistry and especially for his fundamental discoveries in the chemistry of alcoholic fermentation.
1934 Walter Norman Haworth. For his researches on the molecular structure of carbohydrates.
1933 William Hobson Mills. For his researches in organic chemistry, and for his work on the synthesis and properties of the cyanine dyes, and more especially for his investigation of novel types of asymmetric molecules.
1932 Richard Willstatter. For his distinguished researches in organic chemistry.
1931 Arthur Lapworth. For his researches in organic chemistry, particularly those connected with tautomerism and the mechanism of organic reactions.
1930 Robert Robinson. For his work on the constitution and synthesis of natural products; also for his contributions to the theory of organic reactions.
1929 Gilbert Newton Lewis. For his contributions to classical thermodynamics and the theory of valency.
1928 Frederick George Donnan. For his contributions to physical chemistry and particularly for his theory of membrane equilibrium.
1927 Arthur Amos Noyes. For his work in physical chemistry, especially on the subject of electrolytic solutions.
1926 James Walker. For his work on the theory of ionisation.
1925 James Irvine. For his work on the constitution of the sugars.
1924 Arthur George Perkin. For his researches on the structure of natural colouring matters.
1923 Herbert B Baker. For his researches on the complete drying of gases and liquids.
1922 Jocelyn Field Thorpe. For his researches in synthetic organic chemistry.
1921 Philippe A Guye. For his researches in physical chemistry.
1920 Charles T Heycock. On the ground of his work in physical chemistry and more especially on the composition & constitution of alloys.
1919 Percy F Frankland. On the ground of his distinguished work in chemistry, especially that on optical activity, and on fermentation.
1918 F Stanley Kipping. On the ground of his studies in the camphor group and among the organic derivatives of nitrogen and silicon.
1917 Albin Haller. On the ground of his important researches in the domain of organic chemistry.
1916 Henri le Chatelier. On the ground of his eminence as a chemist.
1915 Paul Sabatier. For his researches on contact action, and the application of finely divided metals as catalytic agents.
1914 William Jackson Pope. On the ground of his important contributions to structural & organic chemistry.
1913 Raphael Meldola On the ground of work in synthetic chemistry.
1912 Otto Wallach. On the ground of his researches on the chemistry of the essential oils, and the cyclo-olefines.
1911 Henry Edward Armstrong. On the ground of his researches in organic and general chemistry.
1910 Theodore W Richards. On the ground of his researches on the detrmination of atomic weights.
1909 James Dewar. On the ground of his researches at low temperatures.
1908 William A Tilden. On the ground of his discoveries in chemistry, especially on the terpenes and on atomic heats.
1907 Edward Williams Morley. On the ground of his contributions to physics and chemistry, and especially for his determinations of the relative atomic weights of hydrogen & oxygen.
1906 Rudolf Fittig. For his investigations in chemistry especially his work on lactones and acids.
1905 Albert Ladenburg. For his researches in organic chemistry, especially in connection with the synthesis of natural alkaloids.
1904 William Henry Perkin, Jun. For his notable discoveries in organic chemistry.
1903 Pierre and Madame Curie. For their researches on radium.
1902 Svante August Arrhenius. For the application of the theory of dissociation to the explanation of chemical change.
1901 George Downing Living. For his contributions to spectroscopy.
1900 Guglielmo Koerner. For his brilliant investigations on the position theory of the aromatic compounds.