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Scientific discussion meeting organised by Sir Brian Hoskins CBE FRS
The IPCC 5th Assessment Report Working Group 1 (Science) Summary for Policy Makers is due to be approved on 23-26 September of this year. In the following week a number of associated activities are being planned in the UK. This meeting will provide a forum for exploration of the current understanding of some important aspects of climate science, leading on to discussion of future directions for the science.
The full list of speakers and the recorded audio of their presentations can be found below.
Download the meeting programme
Discuss this meeting on Twitter: @royalsociety; hashtag #RSClimate
This event is intended for researchers in relevant fields and is free to attend. There are a limited number of places and registration is essential. An optional lunch is offered and should be booked during registration (all major credit cards accepted). Enquiries: Contact the events team
Sir Brian Hoskins CBE FRS, Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London
Sir Brian Hoskins became the first Director of the Grantham Institute for Climate Change at Imperial College London in January 2008, and now shares his time between Imperial and Reading University, where he is Professor of Meteorology. His degrees are in mathematics from the University of Cambridge and he spent post-doc years in the USA before moving to Reading, where he became a professor in his thirties and was a head of department for six years. For the 10 years up to September 2010 he held a Royal Society Research Professorship. His research is in weather and climate, in particular the understanding of atmospheric motion from frontal to planetary scales. His international roles have included being vice-chair of the Joint Scientific Committee for the World Climate Research Programme, President of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences and involvement in the 2007 IPCC international climate change assessment. He has also had numerous UK roles, including membership of The Royal Commission on Environmental Pollution, and is currently a member of the UK Committee on Climate Change. He is a member of the science academies of the UK, USA, China and Europe and has received a number of awards including the top prizes of the UK and US Meteorological Societies, honorary DScs from the Universities of Bristol and East Anglia, and Honorary Fellowships of a number of institutions. He was knighted in 2007 for his services to the environment.
Professor Keith Shine FRS, University of Reading, UK
Keith Shine is Professor of Physical Meteorology at the University of Reading. He graduated in Physics from Imperial College in 1978 and gained his PhD in Meteorology from the University of Edinburgh in 1981. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2009. His primary research area is "radiative processes and climate" and his current interests include the role of water vapour in the climate system, the impact of aviation on climate change (and vice versa) and the quantification of the radiative forcing of climate change due to changes in concentrations of greenhouse gases. He has been involved in several Working Group 1 reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, including being a Lead Author on its First Assessment Report in 1990 and as a Review Editor for its recently completed Fifth Assessment Report
Professor Julia Slingo OBE, Met Office, UK
Julia Slingo became Met Office Chief Scientist in February 2009 where she leads a team of over 500 scientists working on a very broad portfolio of research that underpins weather forecasting, climate prediction and climate change projections. Before joining the Met Office she was the Director of Climate Research in NERC's National Centre for Atmospheric Science, at the University of Reading. In 2006 she founded the Walker Institute for Climate System Research at Reading, aimed at addressing the cross disciplinary challenges of climate change and its impacts. Julia has had a long-term career in atmospheric physics and climate science, working at the Met Office, ECMWF and NCAR in the USA. She has developed and used complex weather and climate models throughout her research career to understand the climate system and to predict its evolution. Her special interests are in tropical weather and climate variability, understanding their influence on the global climate system and their role in monthly to decadal climate prediction.
Professor Susan Solomon ForMemRS, MIT, USA
Susan Solomon is the Ellen Swallow Richards Professor of atmospheric chemistry and climate science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
She is well known for having pioneered the theory explaining why the ozone hole occurs in Antarctica. She is also the author of several influential scientific papers in climate science, including one on the irreversibilities of the climate change problem. She received the 1999 US National Medal of Science, that nation’s highest scientific honor. She is a member of the U. S. National Academy of Sciences, the French Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society, the Royal Society of Chemistry, and the Acadameia Europaea. She served as co-chair of the climate science group of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) from 2002-2007, and in 2008, Time magazine named Solomon as one of the 100 most influential people in the world. A glacier in Antarctica has been named after her, Solomon Glacier.
Professor Rowan Sutton, National Centre for Atmospheric Science, UK
Professor Rowan Sutton is Director of Climate Research for the National Centre for Atmospheric Science (NCAS), based at the University of Reading. NCAS is one of the Natural Environment Research Council's (NERC) 6 research centres. Professor Sutton has over 20 years experience in climate research. Previous to his current role he worked part time as a strategic advisor to the NERC, advising on priorities for climate research. He is a Lead Author of Chapter 11 of the Working Group 1 Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. His personal research interests address understanding natural climate variability and anthropogenic climate change, with particular focus on the role of the oceans.
Professor Joanna Haigh CBE FRS, Imperial College London, UK
Joanna is Professor of Atmospheric Physics and Head of the Department of Physics at Imperial College London. Her expertise is in the area of radiative transfer in the atmosphere, climate modelling, radiative forcing of climate change and the influence of solar irradiance variability on climate. She has been Editor of Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, a Lead Author of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Third Assessment and acted on many UK and international panels. Currently she is the UK representative to the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, Editor of the American Meteorological Society’s Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, a Member of the Royal Society’s Climate Change Advisory Group and President of the Royal Meteorological Society. She is a Fellow of the Royal Society, of the Institute of Physics and of the Royal Meteorological Society. She has been awarded the IoP Chree (now Appleton) Medal and Prize, and the RMetS Adrian Gill Prize, for her work on solar influences on climate.
Professor Gabriele Hegerl FRSE, University of Edinburgh, UK
Gabriele Hegerl received her undergraduate degree and PhD in mathematics, Ludwig-Maximilians University, Munich. Her career in climate science began at the Max-Planck Institute for Meteorology, where she worked on detecting climate change and attribution it to causes, 1992-1997. She then had research positions at the University of Washington, Texas A&M University and Duke University (USA). Since 2007 she is at the University of Edinburgh, where she is a professor since 2009. Her research topics include climate variability and climate change, with particular interest in causes of climate change over the instrumental period and the last millennium, and in constraining climate system properties using observations. Hegerl contributed to several assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change as a Lead Author (3rd and 5th Assessment report) and coordinating Lead Author (4th Assessment report), and is a member of the synthesis report core writing team for the upcoming 5th report.
Dr Emily Shuckburgh, British Antarctic Survey, UK
Dr Emily Shuckburgh is a climate scientist and leads the Open Oceans research group at the British Antarctic Survey, which is focused on understanding the role of the polar oceans in the global climate system. She is also a fellow of Darwin College, a member of the Faculty of Mathematics, an associate of the Cambridge Centre for Climate Change Mitigation Research, an associate fellow of the Centre for Science and Policy and a member of Faculty for many programmes of the Cambridge Programme for Sustainability Leadership, all at the University of Cambridge. In the past she has worked at Ecole Normal Superieure in Paris and at MIT. She is a fellow of the Royal Meteorological Society and Chair of their Climate Science Communications Group, a trustee of the Campaign for Science and Engineering and a member of the Scientific Steering Committee of the Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences. She acts as an advisor to the UK Government on behalf of the Natural Envrionment Research Council.
Professor John Mitchell OBE FRS, Met Office, UK
John Mitchell gained a BSc and PhD, Theoretical Physics in from The Queen's University, Belfast. In 1978, he took charge of the Climate Change group in what is now the MetOffice’s Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research. His main speciality is the climatic effects of increases in greenhouse gases and related pollutants. He was a lead author in the first three IPCC Working Group I reports. He is a past Chief Scientist and Director of Climate Science at the MetOffice, where he is now currently the Principal Research Fellow. He is a visiting Professor at the University of Reading and an Honorary Professor at the University of East Anglia.
Dr Richard Allan, University of Reading, UK
Richard Allan is a professor of Climate Science in the University of Reading department of Meteorology. His expertise is in combining Earth Observation data with detailed computer simulations to understand the Earth's radiative energy balance and how this influences changes in the global water cycle (including clouds, rainfall and atmospheric water vapour). He is a member of the Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB) and NASA Clouds and the Earths Radiant Energy (CERES) International Science Teams and contributes to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessment reports. Previously he has worked at the Met Office Hadley Centre.
Mr John Ashton CBE, Grantham Institute for Climate Change, Imperial College London, Uk
John Ashton is an independent commentator and adviser on the politics of climate change. Best known as a leading climate diplomat, from 2006-12 he served as Special Representative for Climate Change for three successive UK Foreign Secretaries, spanning the current Coalition and the previous Labour Government. He was a cofounder and, from 2004-6, the first Chief Executive of the think tank E3G. From 1978-2002, after a brief period as a research astronomer, he was a career diplomat, with a particular focus on China.
He is a Distinguished Policy Fellow at the Grantham Institute for Climate Change at Imperial College. He holds visiting professorships at the London School of Economics and the London University School of Oriental and African Studies. He is a Trustee of the UK Youth Climate Coalition and Tipping Point. He is also a non executive Director of E3G.
Dr Olivier Boucher, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique, France
Dr Olivier Boucher graduated from the Université P. et M. Curie in Paris in atmospheric sciences in 1995. He was Head of the Earth System and Mitigation Team at the Met Office Hadley Centre from 1995 to 2011. He is now a "CNRS Directeur de recherche" at the Laboratoire de météorologie dynamique in Paris. His research interests include aerosol-radiation-cloud interactions, monitoring of atmospheric aerosols, Earth System modelling, biogeochemical feedbacks, climate effects of aviation, and geo-engineering. He has contributed to the IPCC for many years as a lead author for the “Special Report on Aviation and the Global Atmosphere” (1999), a lead author for the Third Assessment Report (2001), a contributing author to the Fourth Assessment Report (2007), a member of the Task Group on New Emission Scenarios, and recently as a Coordinating Lead Author for the "Clouds and Aerosols" Chapter of the Fifth Assessment Report.
Professor Mat Collins, University of Exeter, UK
Mat Collins holds the Joint Met Office Chair in Climate Science at the University of Exeter. His research interests are in quantifying uncertainty and probabilistic climate prediction, seasonal to decadal climate predictability and prediction and in understanding climate variability. He has over 80 peer-reviewed publications and has been a contributing author on two of the most recent Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) reports. He is currently a member of the World Climate Research Programme International CLIVAR (Climate Variability) Pacific Implementation Panel and is serving as a Coordinating Lead Author on the IPCC AR5.
Professor Dennis Hartmann, University of Washington, USA
Dennis L Hartmann is Professor of Atmospheric Sciences at the University of Washington in Seattle. His PhD degree in Geophysical Fluid Dynamics is from Princeton University. Postdoctoral appointments at McGill University and The National Center for Atmospheric Research preceded joining the faculty at the University of Washington. At Washington Hartmann has served as department chair and interim dean during the formation of the College of the Environment. Hartmann's research interests include dynamics of the atmosphere, atmosphere-ocean interaction, and climate change. His primary areas of expertise are atmospheric dynamics, radiation, remote sensing, and mathematical and statistical techniques for data analysis. He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He received the NASA Distinguished Public Service Medal in 2005. He was the 2011 Haurwitz Memorial Lecturer and the 2013 Rossby Medalist for the American Meteorological Society. He is serving as a Coordinating Lead Author for the Fifth Assessment of the Science of Climate Change for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).
Professor Corinne Le Quéré, Tyndall Centre, University of East Anglia, UK
Corinne Le Quéré is Professor of Climate Change Science and Policy at the University of East Anglia and Director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research. She conducts research on the interactions between climate change and the carbon cycle. Professor Le Quéré was author of the 3rd, 4th and 5th (ongoing) Assessments of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. She co-Chairs the Global Carbon Project, a non-governmental organization that fosters International research on the carbon cycle and publishes annual updates global emissions and sinks of carbon dioxide.
Professor Le Quéré is originally from Canada. She completed a PhD in oceanography in University Paris VI (1999), an M.S. in Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences from McGill University and a BSc in physics from University of Montréal. She has conducted research at Princeton University in the United States and at the Max-Planck Institute for Biogeochemistry in Germany.
Professor Jochem Marotzke, Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Germany
Jochem Marotzke is a Director at the Max Planck Institute for Meteorology. Since 2006 he has also been an honorary professor at the University of Hamburg. From 1999 to 2003, he was a professor at the Southampton Oceanography Centre, United Kingdom. Prior to this, he was a post-doctoral associate, assistant and associate professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the United States of America. In 2009, he was awarded the Fridtjof Nansen Medal of the European Geosciences Union, and in 2007 he was elected to the Deutsche Akademie der Naturforscher Leopoldina. He has served on the Joint Scientific Committee of the World Climate Research Programme and is chairman of the Scientific Advisory Board of GEOMAR, Germany. Professor Marotzke holds a doctorate in physical oceanography from the University of Kiel, Germany. His primary research interest is in the role of the ocean in the climate and Earth system.
Professor David Randall, Colorado State University, USA
David Randall is University Distinguished Professor of Atmospheric Science at Colorado State University, and Director of the Center for Multiscale Modeling of Atmospheric Processes, a National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center. His primary research interests are climate model development and the role of clouds in climate change. His teaching interests include the general circulation of the atmosphere, numerical modeling of the atmosphere, dynamics, boundary layer processes, convection, and climate. He received Bachelors and Masters degrees in Aeronautical and Astronautical Engineering from the Ohio State University, and a PhD in Atmospheric Science from the University of California, Los Angeles, in 1976.
He served as an Assistant Professor at M.I.T., and also worked as a Meteorologist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center. He was Chief Editor of the Journal of Climate for ten years, and is currently Chief Editor of the Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems (JAMES). He has published over 190 refereed journal articles. He is the author of “Atmosphere, Clouds, andClimate,” a primer on climate change, published in 2012. He has chaired or co-chaired the science teams of several federally sponsored research projects, including the ARM Science Team, as well as numerous panels and boards. He was a Coordinating Lead Author for the Fourth Assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), and is currently a Coordinating Lead Author for the Fifth Assessment. He is a member of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Biological and Environmental Research Advisory Committee (BERAC). He was awarded NASA’s Medal for Exceptional Scientific Achievement in 1988, the Meisinger Award of the American Meteorological Society in 1994, and NASA’s Medal for Distinguished Public Service in 2006. He has also received awards from Colorado State University for Scholarship Impact, Research, and Graduate Advising. He is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Professor Ted Shepherd, University of Reading, UK
Ted Shepherd obtained a BSc in Mathematics and Physics from the University of Toronto in 1979, and a PhD in Meteorology from MIT in 1984. After a postdoctoral fellowship at DAMTP, University of Cambridge, he took up a faculty position in the Department of Physics at the University of Toronto in 1988. In 2012 he moved to the University of Reading to become the inaugural Grantham Professor in Climate Science. His research interests range from theoretical geophysical fluid dynamics to climate modelling and data analysis, with a focus on atmospheric circulation. He has held leadership roles in scientific assessments of both climate (IPCC) and stratospheric ozone (WMO/UNEP), and is a Fellow of the American Meteorological Society, the American Geophysical Union, and the Royal Society of Canada.
Professor Thomas Stocker, University of Bern, Switzerland
Thomas Stocker was born in Zürich and obtained a PhD in Natural Sciences of ETH Zürich in 1987. He held research positions at University College London, McGill University (Montreal), Columbia University (New York) and University of Hawai'i (Honolulu). Since 1993 he is Professor of Climate and Environmental Physics at the University of Bern. His research encompasses the development of climate models of intermediate complexity, modelling past and future climate change, and the reconstruction of the chemical composition of precipitation and greenhouse gas concentrations based on ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica. Thomas Stocker has authored or co-authored more than 180 peer-reviewed scientific papers in the area of climate dynamics and paleoclimate modeling and reconstruction. Since 2008 he serves as the Co-Chair of Working Group I "The Physical Science Basis" of UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
Dr Peter Stott, Met Office Hadley Centre, UK
Dr Peter Stott is Head of Climate Monitoring and Attribution at the Met Office Hadley Centre. He has a BSc in Mathematics from the University of Durham, a Masters degree from the University of Cambridge, having completed Part III of the Mathematical Tripos, and a PhD from Imperial College, London on the atmospheric dispersion and deposition of radionuclides released in the Chernobyl accident of 1986. He joined the Met Office in 1996 where his research into the detection and attribution of climate change has resulted in many publications including a paper in Nature which found a human contribution to the European heatwave of 2003. He is Coordinating Lead Author for the IPCC Working Group I Fifth Assessment Report chapter entitled “Detection and Attribution of Climate Change : from Global to Regional”.
Dr Julienne Stroeve, University of Colorado, USA
Julienne C Stroeve received a PhD in geography from the University of Colorado Boulder, in 1996, for her work in understanding Greenland climate variability. Subsequently she has been a research scientist at the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC) within the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES). Her Arctic research interests include atmosphere-sea ice interactions, sea ice predictability, climate change and associated impacts. She has conducted several Arctic field campaigns. Recent research is focused on understanding rapid Arctic change and what this will mean for the rest of the planet. Dr Stroeve’s work has been featured in numerous magazines, news reports, radio shows, and TV documentaries. She has given keynote addresses around the world on Arctic climate issues and briefed former Vice President Al Gore. Dr Stroeve has published more than 50 articles on peer-reviewed journals and contributed to several national and international reports on climate change.
Dr Peter Thorne, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center, Norway
Dr Peter Thorne is a senior scientist at NERSC in Bergen, Norway. He completed his PhD at the University of East Anglia in 2001. Subsequent to this he has worked at the Met Office Hadley Centre and then NOAA's National Climatic Data Center before taking up his current position at NERSC in August 2013. His research interests are mainly in observed climate change, detection and attribution, and future observational strategies to best meet climate needs. He co-chairs the Working Group on the GCOS Reference Upper Air Network and chairs the International Surface Temperature Initiative. He was a lead author on Chapter 2 of the fifth Assessment Report and is a Lead Author on the Climate Change chapter of the upcoming US National Climate Assessment.
Professor David Vaughan, British Antarctic Survey, UK
David Vaughan first went to Antarctica in 1985, as a surveyor’s assistant, and since has led seven scientific field campaigns, including a major UK/US collaboration to survey one of the most remote parts of the continent. He currently leads the British Antarctic Survey’s research programme into ice sheets and their past and future changes, and is co-ordinator for ice2sea, a major European-funded programme involving researchers in 24 institutions, which will deliver global sea-level rise projections for the next 200 years. He is a coordinating lead author for Chapter 4 in Working Group I for the fifth assessment of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He has research interests in aspects how ice interacts with climate, and how climate change is affecting the Polar Regions. He has written widely for academic and popular publications and is an honorary Professor at the School of Environment and Society at Swansea University.
Dr Gavin Schmidt, USA
Gavin Schmidt is a climate scientist at the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies in New York. He works on developing models of past, present and future climate. He has been a frequent contributor to public communication on the issue of climate, working with, among others, the New York Academy of Science and the American Museum of Natural History on education and outreach. He is the co-author of "Climate Change: Picturing the Science" with photographer Josh Wolfe, published by W. W. Norton in 2009, and contributes to the RealClimate.org blog. He was awarded the inaugural AGU Climate Communication Prize in 2011.
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