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Cookies

On our sites, we sometimes place small data files on your computer. These small files are known as 'cookies'.

They improve the performance of our sites by:

  • remembering information about you, so you don’t have to keep re-entering it whenever you visit a new page
  • recognising that you may already have given a username and password so you don't need to do it for every web page requested
  • remembering IP addresses relating to your computer or device to improve navigation of our sites and to control access to particular content or materials reserved to subscribers
  • measuring how you use the site so we can make sure it meets your needs

Our cookies aren’t used to identify you personally. To learn more about cookies and how to manage them, visit AboutCookies.org

You can choose to disable cookies on the Society’s main website, royalsociety.org, by selecting your preferences from the Cookie Control menu, selectable from the bottom-right corner of the website window.

Royalsociety.org

This following section provides particular information about cookies on the following websites:

Necessary cookies

Necessary cookies help make a website usable by enabling basic functions like page navigation and access to secure areas of the website. The website cannot function properly without these cookies.

Name Description Expiration
CookieConsent Stores the user’s cookie consent state for the current domain 1 year
ASP.NET_SessionId  Preserves the user’s session state across page requests  Session
_RequestVerificationToken  Helps prevent Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) attacks  Session
local_storage_support_test  The cookie is used in context with the local-storage function in the browser. This function allows the website to load faster by pre-loading certain procedures Persistent
rc::a This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots Persistent
rc::c This cookie is used to distinguish between humans and bots Session
lang This cookie is used to remember a user’s selected language version of the website  1 day

Analytical cookies

Analytical cookies help website owners to understand how visitors interact with websites by collecting and reporting information anonymously.  We use Google Analytics to collect information about how people use our sites. We do this to make sure it’s meeting its users’ needs and to understand how we could do it better. Google Analytics stores information about what pages you visit, how long you are on the site, how you got here and what you click on. This information cannot be used to identify you and we do not allow Google to use our analytics data. 

Name Description Expiration
_ga Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website 2 years
_ga_# Used by Google Analytics to collect data on the number of times a user has visited the website as well as dates for the first and most recent visit 2 years
_gat Used by Google Analytics to throttle request rate 1 day
_gid  Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website 1 day
_hjAbsoluteSessionInProgress This cookie is used to count how many times a website has been visited by different visitors - this is done by assigning the visitor an ID, so the visitor does not get registered twice 1 day
_hjFirstSee This cookie is used to determine if the visitor has visited the website before, or if it is a new visitor on the website 1 day
_hjid Sets a unique ID for the session. This allows the website to obtain data on visitor behaviour for statistical purposes 1 day
_hjIncludedInPageviewSample Determines if the user's navigation should be registered in a certain statistical place holder 1 day
_hjIncludedInSessionSample Registers data on visitors' website-behaviour. This is used for internal analysis and website optimization 1 day
collect Used to send data to Google Analytics about the visitor's device and behavior. Tracks the visitor across devices and marketing channels Session

Marketing cookies

Marketing cookies are used to track visitors across websites. The Royal Society uses these types of cookies to gauge its effectiveness in promoting its activities online. This category of cookie is also used by third-parties with the intention of displaying ads that are relevant and engaging for the individual user and thereby more valuable for publishers and third-party advertisers.

Name Description Expiration
_widgetsettings This cookie is set by Twitter - The cookie allows the visitor to share content from the website onto their Twitter profile Persistent
_gcl_au Used by Google AdSense for experimenting with advertisement efficiency across websites using their services 3 months
ads/ga-audiences Used by Google AdWords to re-engage visitors that are likely to convert to customers based on the visitor's online behaviour across websites Session
IDE  Used by Google DoubleClick to register and report the website user's actions after viewing or clicking one of the advertiser's ads with the purpose of measuring the efficacy of an ad and to present targeted ads to the user 1 year
NID Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for targeted ads 6 months
pagead/landing Collects data on visitor behaviour from multiple websites, in order to present more relevant advertisement - This also allows the website to limit the number of times that they are shown the same advertisement Session
test_cookie Used to check if the user's browser supports cookies 1 day
VISITOR_INFO1_LIVE Tries to estimate the users' bandwidth on pages with integrated YouTube videos 179 days
YSC Registers a unique ID to keep statistics of what videos from YouTube the user has seen Session
yt-remote-cast-installed Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Session
yt-remote-connected-devices Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Persistent
yt-remote-device-id Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Persistent
yt-remote-fast-check-period Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Session
yt-remote-session-app Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Session
yt-remote-session-name Stores the user's video player preferences using embedded YouTube video Session
_fbp: Facebook
To store and track visits across websites
3 months
_fbc: Facebook
To store last visit
2 years
fr: Facebook
To enable ad delivery or re-targeting
3 months

Royalsocietypublishing.org

https://royalsocietypublishing.org uses cookies to provide enhanced functionality and improve the end users' experience.

The following types of cookies are used:

  • Session cookies that are set when the end user enters the website and deleted when the user closes the browser.
  • Persistent cookies that are set when the end user enters the website and last for up to one year.

Necessary cookies

Name Description Expiration
OptanonAlertBoxClosed Cookie set by OneTrust. It is set after visitors have actively interacted with the cookie information notice. It enables the website not to show the message more than once to a user. Persistent
OptanonConsent Cookie set by OneTrust. It stores information about the categories of cookies the site uses and whether visitors have given or withdrawn consent for the use of each category. Persistent
JSESSIONID General purpose platform session cookie, used by sites written in JSP. Used to maintain an anonymous user session by the server. Session
MACHINE_LAST_SEEN Used to store the last login date of the end user or the specific machine. Persistent
I2KBRCK Used to check if the end user's browser supports cookies. Persistent
SERVER Used to optimize the website’s performance for the end user. They are also used to collect information about how end users use the website. Session

Performance cookies

Name Description Expiration
_ga Cookie set by Google Analytics. Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. Persistent
_gat_UA- This is a pattern type cookie set by Google Analytics, where the pattern element on the name contains the unique identity number of the account or website it relates to. Variation of the _gat cookie which is used to throttle request rate. Persistent
_gid Cookie set by Google Analytics. Registers a unique ID that is used to generate statistical data on how the visitor uses the website. Persistent
_hjAbsoluteSessionInProgress Cookie is set by HotJar. This cookie is used to count how many times a website has been visited by different visitors - this is done by assigning the visitor an ID, so the visitor does not get registered twice. Persistent
_hjFirstSeen Cookie is set by HotJar. This cookie is used to determine if the visitor has visited the website before, or if it is a new visitor on the website. Persistent
_hjid Cookie is set by Hotjar. Sets a unique ID for the session. This allows the website to obtain data on visitor behaviour for statistical purposes. Persistent
_hjIncludedInPageviewSample Cookie is set by HotjJar. Determines if the user's navigation should be registered in a certain statistical place holder. Persistent
_hjIncludedInSessionSample Cookie is set by HotJar. Registers data on visitors' website-behaviour. This is used for internal analysis and website optimization. Persistent
_hjSessionRejected This cookie is set by Hotjar to provide load balancing functionality. Session
SECUREJSESSIONID Used to optimize the website’s performance for the end user. Also used to collect information about how end users use the website. Session

Functional cookies

Name Description Expiration
__atssc Cookie set by the AddThis social sharing widget which is commonly embedded in websites to enable visitors to share content with a range of networking and sharing platforms. Persistent
__atuvc Cookie set by the AddThis social sharing widget which is commonly embedded in websites to enable visitors to share content with a range of networking and sharing platforms. It stores an updated page share count. Persistent
__atuvs Cookie set by the AddThis social sharing widget which is commonly embedded in websites to enable visitors to share content with a range of networking and sharing platforms. Persistent
__cf_bm Cookie set by Cloudflare to support Cloudflare Bot Management. Helps to manage incoming traffic that matches criteria associated with bots. Persistent
__cfduid Cookie set by CloudFlare to provide the identification of trusted web traffic. Persistent
cf_ob_info Cookie set by CloudFlare. It is used to improve page load times and to override any security restrictions based on the visitor's IP address. Persistent
cf_use_ob Cookie set by CloudFlare. It is used to improve page load times and to override any security restrictions based on the visitor's IP address. Persistent
fig_tracker_client Cookie set by figshare. Persistent
cookiePolicy Used to determine whether to display the cookie policy popup to the user or not. Persistent
PU_LAST_LOGIN Used to store the last login date of the end user or the specific machine for analytics. Persistent
SSO_IDP Used to store the end user's preferred Shibboleth identity provider. Persistent
MobileUI Used to record the visitor’s preference for using the mobile-optimized version of the website. Session

Targeting cookies

Name Description Expiration
G_ENABLED_IDPS This cookie is used to securely log in to the website with a Google account. Persistent
NID Cookie set by Google. Registers a unique ID that identifies a returning user's device. The ID is used for targeted ads. Persistent
__atrfs Cookie set by the AddThis social sharing widget. Enables visitors to create and share links to the content across social networks. Persistent
uvc Cookie set by the AddThis social sharing widget and tracks how often a user interacts with AddThis. Persistent
xtc Cookie set by the AddThis social sharing widget. Enables visitors to create and share links to the content across social networks. Persistent
disqus_unique Cookie set by Disqus so that users can comment on website/platform. Persistent
__jid Cookie set by the third-party commenting platform Disqus. Persistent
trendmd-nongdpr Cookie set by the TrendMD widget. Used to target more relevant content to the end user. Persistent
t4 Cookie set by the TrendMD widget. Used to target more relevant content to the end user. Persistent
f3 Cookie set by the TrendMD widget. Used to target more relevant content to the end user. Persistent
MAID Used to target more relevant content and services to the end user. Persistent
PLUID They are used to target more relevant content and services to the end user. Persistent

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