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One day symposium in partnership with The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters
The Royal Society, in partnership with The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters, will be hosting a one day symposium on cosmology and astrophysics. Organised by Professor Øystein Elgarøy (Institute of Theoretical Astrophysics at the University of Oslo), Professor George Efstathiou FRS (Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Cambridge) and Professor Anthony Lasenby (Cavendish Laboratory and Kavli Institute for Cosmology, Cambridge), the symposium will bring together the world’s leading experts in this field.
Norway's Crown Prince Haakon will attend. The symposium will also include the Kavli Prize Laureate lecture by Professor Jane Luu in collaboration with the Kavli Foundation. Professor Jane Luu was awarded the 2012 Kavli Prize and the 2012 Shaw Prize alongside Professor David Jewitt for the discovery and characterisation of objects in the Kuiper Belt, a region beyond Neptune’s orbit.
The Kavli Prize Laureate lecture is open to the public. This event is free to attend and open to all. No tickets are required. Doors open at 5.30pm and seats will be allocated on a first-come-first-served basis. There will be a live video for this event which can be found on this webpage. Further information can be found here.
Biographies of the speakers are available below and you can also download the programme (PDF).
This event is intended for researchers in relevant fields and is free to attend. There are a limited number of places and registration is essential.
Enquiries: Contact the events team
Dr Daniel Baumann, University of Cambridge, UK
What is the fundamental origin of all structure in the universe?
In this talk, I will explain how quantum fluctuations during inflation - an epoch of accelerated expansion in the early universe - produce the primordial seeds for structure formation. I will show how the predictions of inflation compare to recent observations of the cosmic microwave background. Finally, I will speculate about the physical cause for the inflationary expansion.
Daniel Baumann is a Lecturer in Theoretical Physics at the University of Cambridge.
Dr Baumann received his PhD in 2008 from Princeton University and was a postdoctoral researcher at Harvard University from 2008 to 2009 and at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton from 2009 to 2011. He joined the faculty of the Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics at Cambridge in 2011. In his research, Baumann uses tools from particle physics to study the early universe.
Professor Graham Ross, University of Oxford, UK
The discovery of a new (Higgs?) particle at the LHC apparently completes the Standard Model of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions. This, together with the lack of direct evidence from the LHC for additional physics, has led to a re-evaluation of what might lie beyond the Standard Model. In this talk I will review the cosmological and astroparticle implications of this and of the LHC dark matter searches and its heavy ion programme.
Emeritus Fellow, Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, University of Oxford, and Wadham College, Oxford
Fellow of the Royal Society, elected in 1991
Dirac Medal of the Institute of Physics, 2012
Emeritus Fellowship, Leverhulme foundation
Professor Gianfranco Bertone, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Astrophysical and cosmological observations provide compelling evidence that about 85% of all the matter in the Universe is in the form of Dark Matter, an elusive substance which is currently searched for with avariety of experimental strategies. In my talk, I will argue that we may be about to witness a pivotal paradigm shift in physics, as we set out to test the existence of some of the most promising dark matter candidates with a wide array of experiments, including the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and a new generation of astroparticle experiments underground and in space.
Gianfranco Bertone is an Associate Professor at the University of Amsterdam, where he investigates topics at the interface between Particle Physics and Cosmology. After a PhD at the University of Oxford and the Institute of Astrophysics in Paris, he has held teaching and research positions at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Padova and the University of Zurich, before going back to Paris as a permanent CNRS researcher. He joined in 2011 the new center of excellence in Gravitation and Astroparticle Physics of the University of Amsterdam. He is the editor-in-chief of the journal "Physics of the Dark Universe" and the author of the book "Behind the Scenes of the Universe: from the Higgs to Dark Matter".
Professor George Efstathiou FRS, University of Cambridge, UK
Modern physics attempts to explain the full complexity of the physical world in terms of three principles: gravity, relativity and quantum mechanics. This raises important fundamental questions such as why is our Universe so large and old? Why is it almost, but not perfectly, homogeneous and isotropic? I will describe how recent measurements of the cosmic microwave background radiation made with the Planck Satellite can be used to answer these questions and to elucidate what happened within 10-35 seconds of the creation of our Universe.
George Efstathiou holds the Professor of Astrophysics (1909) at the University of Cambridge. He received his B.A. in Physics from Keble College, Oxford University in 1976, and his Ph.D. in Astronomy from Durham University in 1979. His first postdoctoral appointment was at the Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley. He spent the next eight years at the Institute for Astronomy at Cambridge, beginning as a Postdoctoral Research Assistant and eventually becoming Assistant Director of Research. In 1988, Efstathiou was appointed to the Savilian Chair of Astronomy at Oxford University, where he served as Head of Astrophysics until 1994. He returned to Cambridge in 1997 and served as Director of the Institute of Astronomy until 2008 and was the first appointed Director of the Kavli Institute for Cosmology at Cambridge from 2008-2013.
Professor Efstathiou has received several prizes for his research including the 1990 Maxwell Medal and Prize of the Institute of Physics, 1990 Vainu Bappu Prize of the Astronomical Society of India, 1994 Astrophysics Prize of the Bodossaki Foundation, 2005 American Institute of Physics Heineman Prize for Astronomy (shared with his long-term collaborator Simon White), 2011 Gruber Prize in Cosmology (shared with Carlos Frenk, Marc Davis and Simon White) and more recently the 2013 Nemitsas Prize in Physics. He was elected to the Royal Society in 1994.
Professor Efstathiou has wide interests in theoretical and observational cosmology and has contributed to studies of large-scale structure in the Universe, galaxy formation, dark energy and the cosmic microwave background radiation. He is a member of the Science Team for the European Space Agency Planck Satellite, launched in May 2009, which is mapping the temperature and polarization anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background to unprecedented precision.
Professor Richard Ellis CBE FRS, Caltech, USA
Deep exposures with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) have provided the primary evidence that star-forming galaxies were present in the first billion years of cosmic history. Sometime during this early period the intergalactic medium transitioned from a neutral gas to one that is fully ionized. How did this `cosmic reionization' occur and were star-forming galaxies responsible? The polarization of the cosmic microwave background radiation suggests that reionization occurred sometime in the first 800 million years of cosmic history so probing the abundance, luminosity distribution and spectral properties of galaxies during this uncharted period holds the key to progress in addressing these fundamental questions. I will review the remarkable progress recently made with the Hubble and Spitzer Space Telescopes, together with large ground-based telescopes,in understanding when reionization occurred and the role of early galaxies in the process.
Professor Richard Ellis CBE FRS is the Steele Professor of Astronomy at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) in Pasadena. He is an observational astronomer who studies the distant Universe with a variety of facilities includingthe Hubble Space Telescope and the twin Keck 10 meter telescopes in Hawaii.
Professor Ellis obtained his Ph.D. at Oxford University in 1974. As a youngresearcher he established a major astronomy group at Durham University and later became the Director of the Institute of Astronomy at Cambridge University. He emigrated to the United States in 1999 where hehas played a leading role in developing the science case and international partnership for the Thirty Meter Telescope: an ambitious next generation ground-based telescope to be completed in 2020.
Ellis' research interests include cosmology - the form and content of the Universe as a whole - and the evolutionof galaxies over cosmic time. He has been influential in making many discoveries in these areas and is one of the world's most highly-cited astrophysicists.
His awards include the Gruber Cosmology Prize and the Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society.
Professor Ake Nordlund, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Åke Nordlund is a Professor of Astrophysics and Planetary Science at The Niels Bohr Institute, University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Since receiving his PhD in Sweden Åke Nordlund’s primary research areas are in astrophysics, plasma physics and supercomputing. His current research is in solar and stellar physics, star formation, planet formation and plasma physics.
Åke Nordlund has been a member of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters since 2007 and a member of the Danish Board of Astronomy since 2005. He is also a member of the Swedish Royal Academy of Science (2009). Previous involvements include Node Leader of SOLAIRE from 2007-2011 and Danish Representative of AstroSim from 2007-2011.
Professor Didier Queloz, University of Cambridge, UK
Detection and characterization of planetary systems in the Univers is an historic endeavour. The completely unexpected characteristics of the many exoplanets found so far are capturing the interest of the scientific community as well as the general public imagination. After two decades of exoplanet discoveries the origin and nature of exoplanet remains surrounded by a glaze of mystery. Our Solar System seems one of the many solution Nature experiments when making planets. This talk will provide an outlook of main results in exoplanet research programs and prospects in characterization of planet structures and atmospheres.
Didier Queloz is professor of astrophysics at Cambridge and Geneva University. He is at the origin of the exoplanet revolution in astrophysics. In 1995 he discovered with Michel Mayor the first giant planet outside the solar system, since, he has detected more than hundred new exoplanets. Recently he is involved in the emerging area of planetary transit detection, first detection of rocky planets and planet atmosphere characterization.
Professor Jane Luu, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, USA
The Kuiper Belt and its implications
A small object named 1992 QB1 was detected far beyond Neptune in 1992, setting up a series of startling revelations about our solar system. It is a member of the Kuiper Belt, a swarm of icy bodies left over from the formation of the planets. Based on orbits inside the Kuiper Belt, we have learned that the early solar system was not always the orderly place it now is, and that the configuration of the giant planets was much different from what it is today. This talk is about the Kuiper Belt and its implications for our solar system (and others).
Jane Luu was born in Vietnam and moved to the United States in 1975. She received her undergraduate degree in physics at Stanford University, and her doctorate in planetary astronomy from MIT, where her advisor was Dave Jewitt. After finishing her studies she was a postdoc at the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, UC Berkeley, and Stanford. After that, she was on the faculty of the astronomy department of Harvard, then of Leiden University in the Netherlands. She is currently at MIT Lincoln Laboratory. When not at work, she takes care of her 7-yr-old daughter and 2 very large Newfoundland puppies.
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