Dr Daniel Baumann, University of Cambridge, UK
What is the fundamental origin of all structure in the universe?
In this talk, I will explain how quantum fluctuations during inflation - an epoch of accelerated expansion in the early universe - produce the primordial seeds for structure formation. I will show how the predictions of inflation compare to recent observations of the cosmic microwave background. Finally, I will speculate about the physical cause for the inflationary expansion.
Professor Gianfranco Bertone, University of Amsterdam, Netherlands
Astrophysical and cosmological observations provide compelling evidence that about 85% of all the matter in the Universe is in the form of Dark Matter, an elusive substance which is currently searched for with a
variety of experimental strategies. In my talk, I will argue that we may be about to witness a pivotal paradigm shift in physics, as we set out to test the existence of some of the most promising dark matter candidates with a wide array of experiments, including the Large Hadron Collider at CERN and a new generation of astroparticle experiments underground and in space.
Professor Graham Ross, University of Oxford, UK
The discovery of a new (Higgs?) particle at the LHC apparently completes the Standard Model of the strong, weak and electromagnetic interactions. This, together with the lack of direct evidence from the LHC for additional physics, has led to a re-evaluation of what might lie beyond the Standard Model. In this talk I will review the cosmological and astroparticle implications of this and of the LHC dark matter searches and its heavy ion programme.