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Fellows Directory

Anne Mills

Professor Dame Anne Mills DCMG FMedSci FRS


Elected: 2013



ORCID 0000-0001-9863-9950


Anne Mills is a leading health economist who is a world authority on how to finance and organise health systems in low- and middle-income countries. Anne’s research has also demonstrated the most cost-effective ways to control malaria in African and Asian countries.

She began her research career in Nepal, showing that the benefits of malaria control were much greater than the costs, especially for the country’s poorest people. Anne and her research group later used cost-effectiveness analysis to explore decisions on use of rapid diagnostic tests for malaria, and changing policy on antimalarial drugs. In particular, they made a strong case for earlier use of the newer, more expensive combination treatments.

Anne’s research on health systems has analysed private and public provision, and the introduction of universal health care in Thailand. She has also assessed the value of contracting out health services to the private sector in South Africa and elsewhere. Anne is a former President of the International Health Economics Association and was made a Dame Commander in 2015 for services to international health.

Interests and expertise

Subject groups


Cost-effectiveness analysis, Health care policy, Health economics, Health systems strengthening, Malaria, Universal Health Coverage