Elizabeth Warrington is a neuropsychologist who studies memory, dementia and the neural networks that underpin our cognitive abilities. Her work has led to the creation of many tests for the diagnosis and monitoring of a number of degenerative brain conditions. Her work on memory — and the difference between how we remember knowledge and events — led to the identification of semantic dementia in 1975.
In addition, her research into memory has contributed to the identification of implicit memory — the unconscious memory of past experiences, which helps us to perform tasks. Elizabeth was also amongst the first to distinguish short- and long-term memory as being distinct processes.