Professor Sydney Brenner CH FRS
Sydney Brenner is a Nobel Prize-winning biologist who has made many seminal contributions to molecular biology. Joining the field at its inception in the 1950s, Sydney worked with notable contemporaries on studies of Escherichia coli and the viruses that attack this bacterium to reveal much about the structure and function of the genetic code and, in particular, RNA.
He proposed the existence of messenger RNA as an intermediary between DNA and protein. Sydney subsequently revealed that triplets of nucleotides within RNA encode the individual amino acids of a protein, as well as signals for stopping protein manufacture. Consequently, he showed that the order of such triplets directly determines the order of amino acids in a protein.
Sydney successfully established Caenorhabditis elegans as a model organism, himself using the roundworm to study organ development and apoptosis. For these achievements, he earned the 2002 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. Well known for providing insightful ideas to fellow scientists, Sydney has founded and led several research institutes and was instrumental in guiding Singapore’s investment in biomedical research.