The Awards Committees assess nominations for, and advise Council on, recipients of the Society's medals, awards and prize lectures.

The recipients of the majority of the medals, awards and prizes are selected by Council on the recommendation of the Physical Sciences Awards Committees or Biological Sciences Awards Committees. The Committees are made up of Fellows of the Society and are chaired by the Physical and Biological Secretaries respectively.

The Joint Awards Committees is comprised of members of both committees.

Some awards are recommended by their own committee: