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Satellite meeting organised by Professor David Cumming, Professor Steve Furber CBE FREng FRS and Professor Douglas Paul
Microelectronics is very closely identified with computer and communications technologies. Only recently has it shown that it has potential for much wider application and many researchers are now extending the reach of microelectronics, through photonics and sensing, into many new technology sectors.
This meeting continued the theme of the London meeting with a series of in-depth but less formal discussions at beautiful Chicheley Hall. A number of the London speakers presented summaries of their presentations and then lead sessions with the audience to explore the topic in more depth. In addition, there were three “keynote” formal presentations.
Biographies of the organisers and speakers (with abstracts where applicable) are available below and you can also download the draft programme here. Audio recordings of the presentations are available by clicking on the names of the speakers below.
The related scientific discussion meeting eFutures: beyond Moore's Law immediately preceded this event.
Enquiries: Contact the events team
Professor David Cumming, University of Glasgow, UK
David Cumming is the Professor of Electronic Systems at Glasgow University. He has BEng. (Glasgow, 1989) and PhD (Cambridge, 1993) degrees and previously worked for STMicroelectronics and the University of Canterbury, NZ. He has held 1851 and EPSRC Research Fellowships. He is Head of Electronics and Nanoscale Engineering, a research unit of 25 academic staff, and leads the Microsystem Technology Group in the School of Engineering at GU. His research focuses on the design and implementation of highly integrated microsystems for applications including biomedical diagnostic sensing and imaging technologies. There is a considerable emphasis on VLSI design, photonics and micro/nanofabrication. He has published extensively in leading journals and conferences, giving invited talks world-wide. He is CEng, FIET and holds a Royal Society Wolfson Merit Award. He is Chair of the IEEE-EDS Scotland Chapter, an AE for IEEE Trans BioCAS and is a member of the Scottish Science Advisory Council.
Professor Steve Furber, CBE FRS FREng, University of Manchester, UK
Steve Furber CBE FRS FREng is the ICL Professor of Computer Engineering in the School of Computer Science at the University of Manchester. He received his BA degree in Mathematics in 1974 and his PhD in Aerodynamics in 1980 from the University of Cambridge. From 1980 to 1990 he worked in the hardware development group within the R&D department at Acorn Computers Ltd, and was a principal designer of the BBC Microcomputer and the ARM 32-bit RISC microprocessor. He moved to his present position at Manchester in 1990, where he leads the Advanced Processor Technologies research groups with interests in many-core architecture, low-power and asynchronous digital design, and neural systems engineering.
Professor Douglas Paul, University of Glasgow, UK
Douglas Paul has a MA and a PhD from the Cavendish Laboratory, University of Cambridge. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, the Institute of Physics and was an EPSRC Advanced Fellow in the Cavendish Laboratory, Cambridge before moving to the University of Glasgow in 2007. He is Director of the James Watt Nanofabrication Centre at the University of Glasgow which is part of the UK EPSRC III-V National Facility and the STFC Kelvin-Rutherford Facility. Professor Paul presently sits on a number of UK government department committees including the MOD Defence Scientific Advisory Council (DSAC), the Home Office CBRN Scientific Advisory Committee, Government Office of Science and previously sat on DTI Foresight Committees. He was one of the editors for the 1st Technology Roadmap on European Nanoelectronics, a significant part of which is now in the ITRS Roadmap Future Emerging Technology section. He sits on the scientific advisory committees of 5 international meetings. His research interests include nanofabrication, Si/SiGe heterostructures, nanoelectronics, quantum devices, silicon photonics, terahertz systems, sensors and thermoelectrics.
Mike Muller, ARM, UKSmall ARMs long tails
Mike Muller was one of the founders of ARM. At ARM he was VP, Marketing from 1992 to 1996 and EVP, Business Development until October 2000 when he was appointed Chief Technology Officer. In October 2001, he was appointed to the Board. Before joining the group, he was responsible for hardware strategy and the development of portable products at Acorn Computers. He was previously at Orbis Computers. He is also a non-executive director of Intelligent Energy Limited who design and license fuel cell technology.
The electronics industry has been through many cycles of change from mainframes to PCs to the mobile. The next major cycle will be driven by the Internet of Things (IOT). There is a plausible silicon roadmap for another 10 years but delivering the wide range of IOT devices will require integration of more than just silicon. These devices will challenge conventional system design to achieve extreme low power, one size will not fit all. While both low power the requirements of a battery operated device are very different from one that is savaging limited energy from the environment. IOT is not new but we are seeing a transition from industrial control to consumer driven devices driven by user experience and the next phase of development will be enabled by the ability to share trusted data. Of course the hardware is always the easy part of the problem and it is the applications that are enabled by IOT devices from the lifesaving to the trivial that are the long tail.
Professor Anthony O’Neill, Newcastle University, UKTowards zero power technology
Anthony O’Neill is Siemens Professor at Newcastle and distinguished for his innovative work on silicon based microelectronics technologies. He has been a Visiting Scientist at MIT, a Royal Society Industry Fellow with Atmel and a Visiting Professor at EPFL, Switzerland. He has made pioneering contributions in strained silicon technology, silicon carbide technology, understanding interconnect reliability and the integration of novel materials on Si. He has published more than 250 papers, had a number of coordination roles in EU projects and held 30 EPSRC research grants. He leads Newcastle’s nanoLAB University Research Centre, which houses the £3.1M EPSRC National XPS Facility, and has received support from EPSRC and BBSRC for innovative work combining techniques from semiconductor technology with biomedical science applications. He is a director of NMI, a trade organisation for more than 200 UK electronics companies and leads the EPSRC electronics network eFutures.
The aspiration of the Internet of Things is a future connected world involving trillions of devices. But to fully achieve that scale it isn’t feasible to have everything wired up for power or to keep replacing batteries, so you need a place and forget technology, hardware which would take care of its own power requirements by harvesting energy from the surroundings. The big challenge is to close the gap between energy that can be harvested and the energy consumed in computation, sensing and communication. The discussion concerns the identification of the key challenges in order to realise this vision.
Professor Giovanni De Micheli, Institute of Electrical Engineering, SwitzerlandNanosystems for health and the environment
Giovanni De Micheli is Professor and Director of the Institute of Electrical Engineering and of the Integrated Systems Centre at EPF Lausanne, Switzerland. He is program leader of the Nano-Tera.ch program. Previously, he was Professor of Electrical Engineering at Stanford University. He holds a Nuclear Engineer degree (Politecnico di Milano, 1979), a MS and a PhD degree in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (University of California at Berkeley, 1980 and 1983).
Professor De Micheli is a Fellow of ACM and IEEE and a member of the Academia Europaea. His research interests include several aspects of design technologies for integrated circuits and systems, such as synthesis for emerging technologies, networks on chips and 3D integration. He is also interested in heterogeneous platform design including electrical components and biosensors, as well as in data processing of biomedical information. He is author of Synthesis and Optimization of Digital Circuits, McGraw-Hill, 1994, co-author and/or co-editor of eight other books and of over 500 technical articles. His citation h-index is 75 according to Google Scholar. He is member of the Scientific Advisory Board of IMEC and STMicroelectronics.
Professor De Micheli is the recipient of the 2012 IEEE/CAS Mac Van Valkenburg award for contributions to theory, practice and experimentation in design methods and tools and of the 2003 IEEE Emanuel Piore Award for contributions to computer-aided synthesis of digital systems. He received also the Golden Jubilee Medal for outstanding contributions to the IEEE CAS Society in 2000, the D Pederson Award for the best paper on the IEEE Transactions on CAD/ICAS in 1987 and several Best Paper Awards, including DAC (1983 and 1993), DATE (2005) and Nanoarch (2010 and 2012).
He has been serving IEEE in several capacities, namely: Division 1 Director (2008-9), co-founder and President Elect of the IEEE Council on EDA (2005-7), President of the IEEE CAS Society (2003), Editor in Chief of the IEEE Transactions on CAD/ICAS (1987-2001). He has been Chair of several conferences, including DATE (2010), pHealth (2006), VLSI SOC (2006), DAC (2000) and ICCD (1989). He is a founding member of the ALaRI institute at Universita' della Svizzera Italiana (USI), in Lugano, Switzerland, where he is currently scientific counsellor.
Several important societal and economic world problems can be addressed by the smart use of technology. The last forty years have witnessed the realization of computational systems and networks, rooted in our ability of crafting complex integrated circuits out of billions of transistors. Nowadays, the ability of mastering materials at the molecular level and their interaction with living matter opens up un- foreseeable horizons. Networking biological sensors through body-area, ad hoc and standard communication networks boosts the intrinsic power of local measurements, and allows us to reach new standards in health and environment management, with positive fallout on security of individuals and communities. This talk reviews the Nano-Tera.ch research program, addressing the enabling and disruptive technologies that stem from the combination of nano technology with large (tera) -scale information and communication systems.
Dr Thomas E Kazior, Raytheon Integrated Defense Systems, USAHeterogeneous integration of III-V devices and Si CMOS on a common Si substrate: reality or
Thomas Kazior received a PhD from the Department of Material Science and Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. In 1982 Dr Kazior joined Raytheon where he is presently a Principal Engineering Fellow and Technical Director of Advanced Microelectronics Technology. His research focuses on the development of compound semiconductor technology for microwave and millimeter wave applications, and the 3D and heterogeneous integration of this technology with silicon. Dr Kazior is currently the principal investigator for the DARPA COSMOS and DAHI Programs. He has authored or co-authored over 100 papers, review articles, conference presentations, invited talks, and a book chapter and holds numerous patents on process technology innovations. Dr Kazior is a 2001 recipient of Raytheon’s Excellence in Technology Award. He serves on the ITRS (International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors) subcommittee for III-V device technology and on the science advisory board for the Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) Focus Center Research Program (FCRP).
During the ‘eFutures: beyond Moore’s law’ meeting we presented an overview of current progress in the heterogeneous integration of III-V devices, RF MEMS and other dissimilar materials/devices with Si CMOS to create intelligent microsystems or systems/sensors-on-a-chip. These technology demonstrations showed that non-Si materials and devices could be integrated with Si CMOS on a common substrate with minimal performance impact. While these were important ‘laboratory’ demonstrations, they were realized with ‘hybrid’ fabrication processes (eg Si CMOS built in a Si foundry, non-Si materials/device built in III-V foundries or research labs). For our integration approach to be viable, the entire fabrication process needs to be implemented on large diameter wafers in a Si foundry, enabling the creation of ‘cost-effective’ reconfigurable circuits for a wide range of applications. In particular, we will build upon the ‘eFutures’ presentation and review the challenges and progress of developing and scaling our III-V BiCMOS process to large (200 mm) diameter wafers and implementing the entire fabrication process in a Si foundry using variants on standard Si fabrication processes.
Professor Kazuo Nakazato, Nagoya University, JapanChemistry integrated circuit
Kazuo Nakazato was born in Japan on 18 October, 1952. He received the BS, MS and PhD degrees in physics from the University of Tokyo in 1975, 1977, and 1980, respectively. In 1981 he joined the Central Research Laboratory, Hitachi Ltd, Tokyo, working on high-speed silicon self-aligned bipolar devices SICOS (sidewall base contact structure), which were adopted in main frame computer Hitachi M-880/420. In 1989 he moved to Hitachi Cambridge Laboratory, Hitachi Europe Ltd, Cambridge, England, as a senior researcher and a laboratory manager, working on experimental and theoretical study of quantum electron transport in semiconductor nano structures, including single-electron memory. Since 2004, he has been a professor of intelligent device in the Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya University, Japan. His main concerns are BioCMOS technology, single molecule-CMOS hybrid devices, and CMOS analog circuits for integrated sensors.
By integrating chemical reactions on a LSI chip, a completely new type of device can be realized.
(1) Chemical sensor array
Monolithically integrated sensor arrays for potentiometric, amperometric, and impedimetric sensing of biomolecules are developed. The potentiometric sensor array detects pH, DNA and redox reaction as a statistical distribution observing time and space fluctuations. For the amperometric sensor array, we proposed a switching circuit and an electrode design for measuring multiple microelectrode currents at high speed. The multimodal sensor array will enable synthetic analysis and make it possible to standardize biosensor chip.
(2) New functional devices
Another approach is to create new functional devices by integrating molecular system with LSIs. Such an example is in image sensors by incorporating biological materials with a sensor array. The quantum yield of the photoelectric conversion of photosynthesis, which is a chemical process occurring in plants, algate and cyanobacteria is 100%, which is extremely difficult to achieve by artificial means. In a recently developed process, a molecular wire is plugged directly into a biological photosynthetic system to efficiently conduct electrons to a gold electrode. A single photon can be detected at room temperature using such a system combined with a single-electron transistor.
Julien Penders, Holst Centre, IMEC, NetherlandsBody sensors for the future of medicine: will you still need your doctor?
Julien Penders is Program Manager at the Holst Centre / IMEC, where he leads the activities on Body Area Networks. He is responsible for the development of integrated wearable health monitoring systems, development of embedded algorithms, and the evaluation of integrated prototypes in field studies. He has (co-) authored over 50 papers in the field of body area networks and autonomous wireless sensor networks, and is the author of two book chapters on the topic. He serves on the Technical Committee on Information Technology for Health (IEEE), on the Technical Program Committee for the Wireless Health conference and is associate editor for the IEEE EMBS conference. Julien was a 2004/2005 fellow of the Belgian American Educational Foundation. He holds a MSc degree in Systems Engineering from University of Liege, Belgium (2004), and a MSc degree in Biomedical Engineering from Boston University, MA (2006).
Recent public health successes and aging populations place new long-term demands on healthcare systems, calling for a paradigm shift to integrated and preventive healthcare. The focus of future healthcare systems should be on maintaining people healthily, raising each individual's awareness on his own health and inducing efficient behavioral changes that prevent and mitigate diseases. Wearable, miniaturized, sensors will play an important role in revolutionizing healthcare. In this talk we will review recent technology breakthroughs in wireless sensors. New micro-electronic technologies lead to miniaturized low-power wireless patches, allowing 24/7 monitoring of ECG and other physiological signals for weeks or months. Brain activity monitors are now integrated in headgears and headphones, allowing their use in the home environment without special skin preparation. And combining multiple wearable sensors in a network allows measuring specific physiological responses correlated to a particular mental or emotional state. Such examples show how wearable sensor technologies will empower each individual with their health, providing feedback on their lifestyle and inducing behavioral changes. They will change the way we manage chronic diseases by providing real-time diagnostics and patient-centric therapies. The doctors of the future will evolve to managers of health, assisted by millions of virtual assistants: wearable sensors watching over one’s health, 24/7.
Professor Roel Baets, Ghent University, BelgiumSilicon photonics: state of the art and future perspectives
Roel Baets is full professor at Ghent University (UGent). He is also associated with IMEC. He has management responsibilities within the Photonics Research Group of UGent, the Center for Nano-and Biophotonics (NB Photonics) of UGent, the international Erasmus Mundus MSc program in Photonics and the joint UGent-IMEC research program on silicon photonics. Roel Baets received MSc degrees in Electrical Engineering from Ghent University in 1980 and from Stanford University in 1981. He received a PhD degree from Ghent University in 1984. Since 1989 he has been a professor in the Engineering Faculty of UGent where he founded the Photonics Research Group. The research activities of Roel Baets focus on photonic integration and more specifically on silicon photonics, with applications in information technology and biotechnology. Roel Baets is a grant holder of the European Research Council (ERC). He is a Fellow of the IEEE.
Silicon photonics is now recognized to be a very important enabling technology for high speed optical fiber datacommunication links as well as inter-chip optical interconnect links. It builds on the maturity of CMOS process technology to integrate high speed optical modulators and detectors as well as passive WDM functions into a silicon chip and to do so with the technology portfolio available in an advanced CMOS fab. This technology allows us to build 100Gb/s transceivers and holds the promise to move to 1 Tb/s capacity. While datacom and interconnect are at present the main industrial drivers for this technology, new applications are already emerging. Silicon photonics technology can be used for a wide variety of sensors and biosensors. While originally focused around optical fiber wavelengths – 1.3 to 1.55 micrometers - the technology is now also adapted for operation in a much broader wavelength range, from visible to mid-infrared.
Dr François Simoens, CEA-Leti MINATEC, FranceTerahertz real-time camera based on uncooled silicon-based antenna and resonant cavity coupled bolometer array
François Simoens received his PhD degree in electronics from the French Pierre & Marie CURIE University (Paris 6) in 2002 in the field of particle accelerating cavity. He first got involved in electromagnetic compatibility modeling at ONERA, radar prototyping in ESCPI (Paris High school) and optoelectronics for phased-array antennas in Dassault Electronique. After seven years of research in the accelerator field at CEA Saclay, he joined CEA-Leti in Grenoble in 2003, where he was involved in the development of the sub-millimeter PACS focal plane array (for the ESA Herschel satellite) and in uncooled infrared bolometer technology. Since 2005, he has been acting as project manager (FP7, Euripides projects). Currently, he is manager of Strategic Programs for Imaging at Leti, and is expert in infrared and THz detection where bolometer and CMOS technologies are applied.
The development of Terahertz (THz) applications is slowed down by the availability of affordable, easy-to-use and highly-sensitive detectors. CEA-LETI took up this challenge by tailoring the mature Infrared (IR) bolometer technology for optimized THz sensing. The key feature of these detectors relies on the separation between electromagnetic absorption and the thermometer: for each pixel specific structures of antennas and a resonant quarter-wavelength cavity couple efficiently the THz radiation on a broadband range, while a central silicon microbridge bolometer resistance is read-out by a CMOS circuit providing high signal to noise ratio. 320x240 pixel arrays have been designed and manufactured: better than 30 pW power direct detection threshold per pixel has been demonstrated in the 2-4THz range. Such performance is expected on the whole THz range by proper tailoring of the antennas while keeping the technological stack unchanged.
This paper first reports the latest performance characterizations. Then imaging demonstrations are described, such as terahertz spectro-imaging techniques applied to concealed sugar pellets identification, real-time reflectance imaging of large surface of hidden objects and THz TDS beam 2D profiling. Then perspectives of camera integration for scientific and industrials applications are discussed.
Co-author: Jérôme Meilhan, CEA Leti-MINATEC
Professor David Miller, FRS, Stanford University, USAAttojoule optoelectronics?
David A B Miller received his PhD from Heriot-Watt University in Physics in 1979. He was with Bell Laboratories from 1981 to 1996, as a department head from 1987. He is currently the W M Keck Professor of Electrical Engineering, and a Co-Director of the Stanford Photonics Research Center at Stanford University. His research interests include physics and devices in nanophotonics, nanometallics, and quantum-well optoelectronics, and fundamentals and applications of optics in information sensing, interconnection, and processing. He has published more than 250 scientific papers and the text “Quantum Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers”, holds 69 patents, has received numerous awards, is a Fellow of OSA, IEEE, APS, the Royal Society of London, and the Royal Society of Edinburgh, holds two honorary degrees, and is a Member of the US National Academy of Sciences and the US National Academy of Engineering.
Recently, motivated by potential use in short-distance optical interconnects, optoelectronic devices with single femtojoule operating energies have been demonstrated, making them comparable in energy to some current logic gates. Can optoelectronics continue to scale to even lower, attojoule energies? How could we make such devices? What nanophotonic concepts, such as nanoresonators or nanometallic field concentration, would they exploit? Could we integrate these with electronics for very low energy systems? As scaling in electronic devices becomes more difficult, would such optoelectronics even take over any of the logic functions? What new system performance might be possible?
Professor Edoardo Charbon, TU Delft, NetherlandsIntegrated photon counting technologies: CMOS and beyond
Edoardo Charbon (SM’10) received the Diploma from ETH Zurich in 1988, the MS degree from UCSD in 1991, and the PhD degree from UC-Berkeley in 1995, all in Electrical Engineering and EECS. From 1995 to 2000 he was with Cadence Design Systems; from 2000 to 2002 he was Canesta Inc’s Chief Architect, leading the development of wireless 3-D CMOS image sensors; Canesta was sold to Microsoft Corp in 2010. Since November 2002, he has been a member of the Faculty of EPFL in Lausanne, Switzerland and in fall 2008 he joined the Faculty of TU Delft, as Chair of VLSI design, succeeding Patrick Dewilde. Dr Charbon has consulted for numerous organizations including Texas Instruments, Hewlett-Packard and the Carlyle Group. He has published over 200 articles in technical journals and conference proceedings and two books, and he holds 14 patents. He was the initiator and coordinator of MEGAFRAME, a European project aimed at the creation of CMOS single-photon avalanche diode (SPAD) arrays with in-pixel time-to-digital conversion for advanced imaging. He is also the coordinator of SPADnet, a European project investigating large format SPAD arrays for medical imaging and cancer detection. Dr Charbon is the co-recipient of the European Photonics Innovation Village Award and has served as Guest Editor of the Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems and the Journal of Solid-State Circuits; he also served in the technical committees of IEDM, ESSCIRC/ESSDERC, ICECS, ISLPED, and VLSI-SOC. His research interests include medical image sensors, time-resolved imaging, quantum communications, and design automation algorithms.
Photon counting has been used in many fields of science, medicine, and engineering for decades, contributing to important inventions, such as single-photon emission computed spectroscopy (SPECT), positron emission tomography (PET), fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), and quantum cryptography. The evolution from single pixel to multi-pixel photon counters, and the implementation of CMOS sensors has accelerated the impact of this technology and expanded the field of applications.
Until recently, photomultiplier tubes have been the detector of choice for photon counting applications; the emergence of solid-state silicon photomultipliers and single-photon imaging has changed the status quo creating a true revolution and triggering an impressive series of innovations in high-energy physics, medical imaging and diagnostics, instrumentation, and consumer electronics.
In this talk, I will outline the advantages of solid-state photon counting in imaging applications and I will show how it is achieved in existing CMOS processes. I will discuss several technology directions in advanced, deep-submicron technologies and the emergence of new materials for extended spectra of detection and ultra-high speed of operation.
Professor Rahul Sarpeshkar, MIT, USAAnalog synthetic biology: from cells to electronics and electronics to cells
Rahul Sarpeshkar obtained Bachelor’s degrees in Electrical Engineering and Physics at MIT. After completing his PhD at CalTech, he joined Bell Labs as a member of the technical staff in their department of biological computation. He is currently on the faculty of MIT's Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, where he heads a research group on Analog Circuits and Biological Systems (http://www.rle.mit.edu/acbs/). He holds over 30 patents and has authored more than 120 publications, including one that was featured on the cover of Nature. His recent book, Ultra Low Power Bioelectronics: Fundamentals, Biomedical Applications, and Bio-inspired Systems has pioneered a unique ‘cytomorphic’ approach for advancing systems and synthetic biology through the universal language of analog circuits. It also provides a broad and deep treatment of the fields of ultra low power electronics and bioelectronics with applications to medical devices for the deaf, blind, paralyzed, and for cardiac monitoring. He has won several awards for his interdisciplinary bioengineering research including the NSF Career award, the ONR Young Investigator award, and the Packard Fellow award given to outstanding faculty. He was a speaker at the 2011 ‘Frontiers of Engineering’ conference hosted by the National Academy of Engineering. His recent work on a glucose fuel cell for medical implants was featured by BBC Radio, the Economist, and Science News.
Analog electronic circuits and circuits in cell biology are deeply similar: the equations that describe noisy electronic flow in sub-threshold transistors and the equations that describe noisy molecular flow in chemical reactions, both of which obey the laws of exponential thermodynamics, are astoundingly similar. Based on this similarity, we show how to map analog electronic circuit motifs to analog DNA-protein circuit motifs in cells. In addition, highly computationally intensive noisy DNA-protein and protein-protein networks can be rapidly simulated in mixed-signal supercomputing chips that naturally capture their noisiness, dynamics, and loading interactions at lightning-fast speeds. Such an approach may enable large-scale design and analysis in synthetic and systems biology. Experimental results from synthetic analog circuits in living cells with applications in biotechnology, medicine, bio sensing, and energy generation will be discussed.
Dr Andrew Mason, Michigan State University, USACMOS-to-biology electrochemical interfaces
Andrew J Mason received the BS in Physics with highest distinction from Western Kentucky University in 1991, the BSEE with honors from the Georgia Institute of Technology in 1992, and the MS and PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor in 1994 and 2000, respectively. He is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan. His research explores mixed-signal circuits and microfabricated structures for integrated microsystems in biomedical and environmental monitoring applications. Current projects include wearable/implantable electrochemical and bioelectronic sensors systems, microfabricated electrochemical sensor arrays, array signal processing algorithms and hardware, and post-CMOS integration of sensing, instrumentation, and microfluidics. Dr Mason is a Senior Member of the Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE), an Associate Editor for two professional journals, and was co-General Chair of the 2011 IEEE Biomedical Circuits and Systems Conference. He is a recipient of the 2006 Michigan State University Teacher-Scholar Award and the 2010 Withrow Award for Teaching Excellence.
The escalating demand for new and improved tools to measure biological pneumonia has spurred advances in electronic instrumentation that permit rapid recording of various biological responses for algorithm-based analysis and decision making. Over the past decade, significant advances in CMOS-based electrochemical sensing systems have been demonstrated. Electrochemical systems have proven very effective for observation of response characteristics of various proteins, DNA, and other biomolecules. At the same time, electrochemical sensors utilizing a variety of biological receptors have been developed for detection and quantification of a wide range of biomedical targets including disease biomarkers, biotoxins, hazardous chemicals, and nanoparticles. Furthermore, CMOS-based electrochemical systems have demonstrated a potential for miniaturization into point-of-care and implantable platforms that exceeds traditional techniques. This talk will review several CMOS-based electrochemical biosensor systems and engage the audience in a discussion regarding the future opportunities and challenges in developing next-generation CMOS-to-biology electrochemical interfaces.
Professor Florin Udrea, University of Cambridge, UKCommercialising research in semiconductors from university premises
Florin Udrea is Professor of Semiconductor Engineering at Cambridge University with over 20 years experience in smart technologies, micro-sensors, MEMS and power semiconductor devices. He is one of the two founding members of CamSemi; a company dedicated to power ICs and power management. CamSemi has sold over 250 million units to date and has been recently awarded the prestigious Carbon Trust Innovation Award. He is also the CEO and the founder of CCMOSS (Cambridge CMOS Sensors Ltd), a company dedicated to CMOS-based Infra-red solutions for gas sensors. CCMOSS has recently closed an A round investment. Finally, he is a co-founder and the CTO of Camutronics - a new spin-off company dedicated to power semiconductor devices. Professor Florin Udrea is an inventor of over 50 patents and has over 300 publications in journals and international conferences. For his ‘outstanding contribution to British Engineering’ he has received the Silver Medal from the Royal Academy of Engineering for 2012.
The talk deals with 'the stories' of spinning off companies from university premises. The semiconductor-based technologies in all three companies originated from Cambridge University and were later commercialized following different business models and strategies, with and without venture capital. The talk also discusses the enabling factors that led to the foundation of fables IC companies. Finally the paper presents and compares the different disruptive technologies and the approaches taken for bringing them to market.
Professor Thomas F Krauss, Department of Physics, University of York, UKSilicon nanostructures for optical biosensors
Professor Thomas F Krauss pioneered the development of planar photonic crystals worldwide, starting with SERC (1993) and a Royal Society fellowship (URF, 1995) at Glasgow University, UK. He then set up the Microphotonics group at St Andrews (2000) and has recently moved to York (2012) to establish the Chair in Photonics. His overarching research interest is the interaction of light and matter in photonic nanostructures for applications in communications, light emission, biosensing and more recently, light harvesting in photovoltaics. He presents invited talks at major conferences, workshops and summer schools (typically 10-15 per year), is a very active conference organiser and has led 2 EU projects on photonic crystals and slow light. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh and the Optical Society of America.
Silicon photonics is a useful platform for photonic nanostructures that allow us to control the flow of light, which offers useful degrees of freedom for designing optical biosensors. I will discuss recent developments in this area with a focus on photonic crystals that combine very sensitive detection with a very small footprint. The small footprint, in particular, offers new opportunities for localised detection, whereby individual cells or even sub-sections of cells, such as the synapses of neurons, can be interrogated.
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