The Copley Medal is the Society’s oldest and most prestigious award. The medal is awarded annually for outstanding achievements in research
in any branch of science. The award alternates between the physical and
biological sciences (odd and even years respectively). The Copley Medal in this round of nominations will be awarded in any branch of physical sciences.
First awarded in 1731 following donations from Godfrey Copley FRS (PDF), it was initially awarded for the most important scientific discovery or for the greatest contribution made by experiment. The Copley Medal is thought to be the world's oldest scientific prize and it was awarded 170 years before the first Nobel Prize. Notable winners include Benjamin Franklin, Dorothy Hodgkin, Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin.
Professor Jeffrey Gordon was awarded the 2018 Copley Medal for his contributions to understanding the role of gut microbial communities to human health and disease.
Sir Andrew Wiles KBE FRS was awarded the 2017 Copley Medal for his beautiful and unexpected proof of Fermat's Last Theorem which is one of the most important mathematical achievements of the 20th century.
Dr Richard Henderson FMedSci FRS was awarded the 2016 Copley Medal in recognition of his fundamental and revolutionary contributions to the development of electron microscopy of biological materials, enabling their atomic structure to be deduced.
To find out more about past winners you can read this series of blogs.
See full list of all past winners of the Copley Medal.