This prize lecture is the premier lecture in the biological sciences and is delivered annually at the Royal Society in London.
The lectureship was conceived by William Croone FRS (PDF), one of the original Fellows of the Society. Among the papers left on his death in 1684 were plans to endow two lectureships, one at the Royal Society and the other at the Royal College of Physicians. His widow later bequeathed the means to carry out the scheme. The lecture series began in 1738.
Professor Jennifer Doudna ForMemRS was awarded the Croonian Medal and Lecture 2018 for her outstanding structural and functional studies of RNA and ribonucleoprotiens and for elucidating the molecular mechanism of the CRISPR-Cas9 system and developing it for genetic engineering.
Professor Jonathan F Ashmore FRS was awarded the Croonian Medal and Lecture 2017 for his significant contributions to the field of sensory neuroscience, shaping our current understanding of inner ear physiology, in particular for his analysis of the role of cochlear hair cells in normal hearing.
Professor Enrico Coen CBE FRS was awarded the Croonian Medal and Lecture 2016 for his work resulting in a new theoretical and experimental foundation for understanding how the shapes of biological structures arise through development and evolution.