Each year two medals are awarded for the most important contributions to the advancement of "Natural Knowledge” in the physical and biological sciences respectively. A third medal is awarded for distinguished contributions in the applied sciences.
The three Royal Medals, also known as the Queen’s Medals, are awarded annually by the Sovereign on the recommendation of the Council of the Society. Frederick Sanger FRS, Max Perutz FRS and Francis Crick FRS are among those who have been awarded a Royal Medal.
The Royal Medals were founded by HM King George IV in 1825. Between 1826 and 1964 two medals were awarded each year. In 1965 the third medal, covering the applied sciences, was introduced on behalf of HM The Queen.
Dame Carol Robinson DBE FMedSci FRS was awarded the Royal Medal 2019 for her pioneering work on structural biology improving the understanding of proteins their interactions and functional regulation.
Dr Michel Goedert FMedSci FRS was awarded the Royal Medal 2019 for identifying and characterising assembled tau protein and alpha-synuclein and showing that they form the inclusions of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases.
Dame Ann Dowling OM DBE FREng FRS was awarded the Royal Medal 2019 for her leading research on the reduction of combustion, aerodynamic noise and the design of aircraft, and her distinguished services to engineering.