The Rumford Medal is awarded for outstanding researcher in the field of physics. The award was established following a donation by Benjamin Thompson FRS
(PDF), Count Rumford of the Holy Roman Empire, an American-born former
soldier, spy, statesman and scientist who would go on to found the Royal
Institution. The first award was made in 1800. The medal is now awarded annually, is silver gilt and is accompanied by a gift of £2,000.
Professor Ortwin Hess was awarded The Rumford Medal 2016 for his pioneering work in active nano-plasmonics and optical metamaterials with quantum gain.
Professor Jeremy Baumberg FRS was awarded the Rumford Medal in 2014 for his outstanding creativity in nanophotonics, investigating many ingenious nanostructures, both artificial and natural to support novel plasmonic phenomena relevant to Raman spectroscopy, solar cell performance and meta-materials applications.
See full list of all past winners of the Rumford Medal.