The Royal Society announces the winners of seventeen medals and awards today. The annual prizes recognise exceptional researchers who make outstanding contributions to science.
Among the winners are Peter and Rosemary Grant, a husband and wife team who have spent nearly four decades studying finches on the Galapagos Islands, Sarah Cleaveland, the driving force into researching rabies elimination in the developing world and Jennifer Doudna for her work on the revolutionary gene-editing tool CRISPR.
Venki Ramakrishnan, President of the Royal Society, said:
“The Royal Society has a long-standing tradition of celebrating the best and brightest scientists. The winners of this year’s medals and awards have made outstanding contributions to their field and I congratulate them for their distinguished work and the advancement of science as a whole.”
Peter and Rosemary Grant receive the Royal Medal for their research on the ecology and evolution of Darwin’s finches on the Galapagos Islands, demonstrating that natural selection occurs frequently and that evolution is rapid as a result.
Rosemary Grant said:
“To be awarded the Royal Medal in Biology is an extraordinary privilege and honour. Our research has demonstrated evolution of birds in a natural environment, and by integrating genomics with ecological and behavioural studies, it has provided a deeper understanding into how and why this planet is so extraordinarily rich in biodiversity.”
Peter Grant said:
“I am also conscious of the special honour of being chosen to share the award with Rosemary. We hope this will be an encouragement to other couples who might wonder whether they can have a joint career and conduct scholarly research in tandem rather than solo.”
Also receiving the Royal Medal is Paul Corkum for his contributions to laser physics and the development of the field of attosecond science – the study of processes that occur on a time scale of an attosecond (a billion-billionths of a second). An attosecond is to one second as one second is to the age of the universe.
Paul Corkum said:
“When I received the notification informing me that I’d won the Royal Medal I thought that it was a scam – like when you get an email saying you may have won $1,000,000. This was a truly wonderful surprise and compliment. Receiving the Royal Medal is a sign that the scientific community recognises the importance of attosecond science, a field where there are strong future opportunities.”
Melvyn Greaves is awarded the third and final Royal Medal for his pioneering methods that distinguish different forms of leukaemia, allowing doctors to tailor treatment to each child – improving their chances of survival and reducing side effects.
Mel Greaves said:
“I am honoured and very pleasantly surprised to receive this prestigious medal and join such a stellar list of previous recipients. Childhood leukaemia was once considered to be universally fatal but thanks to the tremendous research progress made over the past 40 years, treatment is largely successful.
“When I made the decision in the mid-1970s to focus on childhood leukaemia, the primary motivation was the thought that these little patients, clinging tenaciously to life, could be my own children who were, at the time, the same age. I could never have imagined how my career would develop in the decades that followed but I feel very privileged to have been in a position to contribute towards the unpicking of this once mysterious and lethal disease in children.”
The Royal Medals are one of the Royal Society’s premier awards and are made on behalf of the Queen each year. Awarded annually since 1825, this year’s recipients of the Royal Medals join the ranks of Fred Sanger, Max Perutz and Francis Crick.
The Hughes Medal is awarded to Peter Bruce for his work on energy storage devices such as rechargeable lithium batteries, which are widely used in portable consumer electronic devices and increasingly popular for military, electric vehicle and aerospace purposes. Matt Rosseinsky is awarded the Davy Medal for his advances in the design and discovery of functional materials.
Atmospheric chemist Susan Solomon has been awarded the Bakerian Medal for her research on polar ozone depletion and CRISPR pioneer Jennifer Doudna is awarded the Croonian Medal for her role in revolutionising genome editing.
The Rosalind Franklin Award is awarded annually to those who raise the profile of women in STEM in their host institution and/or field of expertise in the UK. This year it goes to Essi Viding for her work in experimental psychology, which investigates the causes persistent of antisocial behaviour and the neurocognitive consequences of childhood maltreatment.
Sarah Cleveland is awarded the Leeuwenhoek Medal for her pioneering work towards the eradication of rabies.
Copley Medal (announced earlier this year)
Sir Andrew Wiles KBE FRS
For his beautiful and unexpected proof of Fermat’s Last Theorem which is one of the most important mathematical achievements of the 20th century.
Dr Paul Corkum FRS
For his major contributions to laser physics and the development of the field of attosecond science.
Peter Grant FRS and Rosemary Grant FRS
For their research on the ecology and evolution of Darwin’s finches on the Galapagos, demonstrating that natural selection occurs frequently and that evolution is rapid as a result.
Professor Melvyn Greaves FMedSci FRS
For his research on surface antigens of normal and leukaemic cells that defined the cellular lineage of different leukaemias and led to procedures now in routine clinical use.
Professor Matthew Rosseinsky FRS
For his advances in the design and discovery of functional materials, integrating the development of new experimental and computational techniques.
Professor Peter Bruce FRS
For his distinguished work elucidating the fundamental chemistry underpinning energy storage.
Sir Peter Ratcliffe FMedSci FRS
For his ground-breaking research on oxygen sensing and signalling pathways mediating cellular responses to hypoxia.
Professor Richard Durbin FRS
For his outstanding contributions to computational biology, and their impact across many areas of the life sciences.
The following medals are also awarded an associated prize lecture, which will be delivered next year at the Royal Society in London:
Croonian Medal and Lecture
Professor Jennifer Doudna ForMemRS
For her outstanding structural and functional studies of RNA and ribonucleoproteins and for elucidating the molecular mechanism of the CRISPR-Cas9 system and developing it for genetic engineering.
Bakerian Medal and Lecture
Professor Susan Solomon ForMemRS
For her outstanding contributions in atmospheric science, in particular to the understanding of polar ozone depletion.
Michael Faraday Medal and Lecture
Professor Mark Miodownik
For excellence in communicating science to UK audiences.
Rosalind Franklin Award and Lecture
Professor Essi Viding
For her achievements in the field of experimental psychology, her ability to communicate with the public and her imaginative project proposal.
Francis Crick Medal and Lecture
Dr Miratul Muqit
In recognition of his research on cell signalling linked to neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s disease.
Leeuwenhoek Medal and Lecture
Professor Sarah Cleaveland OBE FRS
For her pioneering work towards the eradication of rabies throughout the world.
Milner Medal and Lecture
Professor Marta Kwiatkowska
For her contribution to the theoretical and practical development of stochastic and quantitative model checking.
Clifford Paterson Medal and Lecture
Professor Timothy Leighton FREng FRS
For translation of his fundamental research into acoustics and its application many in areas including anti-microbial resistance, mine detection, foetal scanning, catastrophe relief, climate change and marine life.
Wilkins-Bernal-Medawar Medal and Lecture
Professor Michela Massimi
For her interdisciplinary interests in and communication of modern philosophy and science: particularly in relation to physics, and the thinking of Newton, Kant and Pauli.
Dr Alassane Dicko
For his contribution to research into malaria control, in particular using intermittent administration of medicines to children in the Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention strategy recommended by WHO.