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Fellows Directory

Gregory Winter

Gregory Winter

Sir Gregory Winter CBE FMedSci FRS


Elected: 1990


Gregory Winter is a molecular biologist who has pioneered the field of protein engineering and played an important role in sequencing the genome of the influenza virus. The techniques he invented in the 1980s for the industrial production of human antibodies for therapeutic purposes remain in widespread use.

Thanks to Gregory’s achievements in this field, human antibodies can now be grown directly in the test tube without the need for living matter. This procedure has greatly sped up the development of new diagnostic techniques and has been put to use in a wide variety of clinical trials.

In addition to holding numerous patents for his work, Gregory has over the years founded several successful biotechnology businesses to put his techniques into practice. After receiving a knighthood in 2004 for his services to science, he was the recipient of the 2006 Biochemical Society Award.


  • King Faisal International Prize

    In the field of molecular immunology.

  • Louis-Jeantet Prize for Medicine

    No citation available for this award.

  • Nobel Prize in Chemistry

    For the phage display of peptides and antibodies.

  • Royal Medals

    For his pioneering work in protein engineering and therapeutic monoclonal antibodies, and his contributions as an inventor and entrepreneur.

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