James Lovelock is a researcher, inventor and environmentalist who has made pioneering contributions across many — traditionally disparate — scientific disciplines. He is best known for his work on the Gaia hypothesis, which proposes the existence of a fundamental interconnectedness between living organisms and their planetary environment.
Prior to his celebrated work on ecological systems, James conducted research on the transmission of respiratory infections, helping to identify optimal methods for freezing, preserving and thawing organic matter. He also developed accurate ionisation detectors for monitoring pollution and conducted research on the atmospheres of neighbouring planets. He has written four books on the Gaia hypothesis — the most famous of which, Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth (1979), is an accessible introduction to this complex concept.
One of the United Kingdom’s most distinguished living scientists, James has won prestigious awards for his vast body of work. In addition to the Geological Society’s Wollaston Medal and the Discovery Lifetime Award from the Royal Geographic Society, in 2003 he was made a Companion of Honour by Her Majesty the Queen.