Research Fellows Directory
Professor Matthew Rosseinsky
University of Liverpool
I am working with my colleagues in Liverpool and around the world to identify advanced functional materials for new energy, catalysis and information storage technologies, with the aim of enhancing quality of life (reduced resource use, substitution of toxic materials components, reduced carbon intensity fuels, for example). We are developing a new approach to this key problem which integrates understanding derived from experiments with the power of modern computing, and involves new computer codes to predict structures and compositions. As function arises from controlled positioning of atoms and molecules, understanding which arrangements of matter are stable is essential to make progress in the discovery of these sorts of functional materials. This year, we used our understanding of what makes arrangements of atoms in materials stable to develop a way to make a perfect link (interface) between two compounds with different crystal structures. This opens the way to design entirely new devices for storing and converting energy and information, and also allowed us to identify a new arrangement of matter at the interface between the two materials. We used this idea of designed interfaces to make a new component (an electrode) of a device (a fuel cell) that converts fuel to electricity in an efficient way, helping the realisation of this potential low-carbon technology. The designed interface allowed one part of the electrode to stabilise the other by efficiently transferring atoms between them. The Research Professor position allows the extended focus to develop new approaches to understanding and finding key materials of this type. Our work is not restricted to one class of materials - this year, we have identified new classes of materials to transform bio-feedstocks into valuable chemicals, to transmit electricity and generate very large magnetic fields, and to purify molecules important for the manufacturing of drugs, for example.
Interests and expertise (Subject groups)