Richard Gardner is a developmental biologist who devised techniques for performing microsurgery on mammalian embryos, paving the way to a greater understanding of embryonic development, cell differentiation, and control of the cell cycle and gene action. He has also investigated the potential of stem cells for use in regenerative medicine.
Richard developed techniques for dissecting the blastocyst — a cell structure formed in early mammalian development — into individual tissues. This enabled him to produce the first reliable map to indicate the embryonic precursor cells of specific adult tissues. His research on stem cells examined the effects of long-term culture on their capacity to differentiate normally and suggested that subtle epigenetic changes could compromise their value in regenerative medicine.
Microbiology, immunology and developmental biology
Developmental biology, Genetics (excluding population genetics)
Scientific information provision
For his pioneering work on microsurgery of the mouse blastocyst which laid the foundation for major advances in biological knowledge, both in developmental biology and in understanding of gene function. His work also provided the inspiration for the devel