Degenerative diseases and serious injuries to organs and tissues may be treated through stem cell therapies.
Research on human embryonic stem cells will be required to investigate all of the potential therapies because other cell types, such as adult stem cells, may not have the same breadth of applications.
The proposed legislative controls will be sufficient to prevent reproductive cloning (i.e. the cloning of people) while still allowing the development of therapeutic applications of cloning technology.
The Royal Society believes that the proposed new regulations under the 1990 Human Fertilisation and Embryology Act, which would allow research on human embryonic stem cells, are scientifically necessary to realise fully the potential of stem cell therapies.