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Topics and policy

Energy, environment and climate


It is a critical time for the state of the planet and human wellbeing. Find out more about the Society’s work exploring changes and how they might affect us in the future.

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Reports and publications

Read or download all our reports, publications and consultation responses.

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Climate change: science and solutions

Briefings on 12 science and technology areas key for accelerating progress towards ‘net zero’ greenhouse gas emissions and increased resilience to climate change.

Climate change in a critical decade

We’ve published a summary of three reports released by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the implications for the UK. Read the summary now.

Reversing biodiversity loss

Find answers to key questions about biodiversity, along with a video from Sir David Attenborough to explain the importance of biodiversity.

Our analysis and advice

  • The Welsh countryside C fotoVoyager

    Multifunctional landscapes

    Our current programme to inform a long-term vision for how the UK manages its land.

  • Forest

    Net-zero carbon infographic

    Our interactive infographic about greenhouse gas removal lets you explore the different current and potential technologies we can use to help the UK reach net-zero by 2050.

    Explore now
  • Future ocean resources

    Future ocean resources

    The Royal Society’s ‘Future of oceans’ project considers how we might use the mineral and genetic wealth of the oceans, as well as the drivers and wider consequences of doing so.

    Download the evidence pack
  • Climate change: Evidence & causes

    Climate change Q&A

    This is a short summary of a detailed discussion of climate change science. It is now more certain than ever, based on many lines of evidence, that humans are changing Earth’s climate.

    Explore the short guide
  • Visualisation of global carbon dioxide surface concentration by Cameron Beccario,, using GEOS-5 data provided by the Global Modeling and Assimilation Office (GMAO) at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

    Greenhouse gas removal

    Our joint project with the Royal Academy of Engineering considers the role that removing greenhouse gases from the atmosphere can have in tackling climate change.

    Download the report
  • Resilience to extreme weather

    Resilience to extreme weather

    ‘Resilience to extreme weather’ investigates key questions to help inform important decisions about adaptation and risk reduction that are being made at global, national and local levels.

    Read the report
  • GM Plants

    GM plants: questions and answers

    Explore information about genetically modified (GM) plants, with answers to 18 questions by expert independent scientists and an animation on the basic science of GM.

    Find out more
  • Joint action on disasters, development and climate change

    Joint action on disasters, development and climate change

    Building on the Royal Society’s 2014 ‘Resilience to extreme weather’ report, this statement outlines the need to make international policy frameworks on disasters, development and climate change consistent and underpinned by science.

    Download the statement
  • Environmental observation

    Observing the earth

    Observing the Earth - Expert views on environmental observation for the UK.

    Read the report
  • Modeling Earth's Future

    Modeling Earth's Future

    A report produced with the National Academy of Sciences on integrated assessments of linked human-natural systems.

    Download the report
  • People and the planet

    People and the Planet

    This project was a major study investigating the links between global population and consumption, and the implications for a finite planet.

    Read more about the project
  • Shale gas extraction

    Shale gas extraction

    A review conducted with the Royal Academy of Engineering of the scientific and engineering evidence of the risks associated with hydraulic fracturing as a means to extract shale gas.

    Read the full report
  • Solar radiation governance report

    Solar radiation management: the governance of research

    A report by the Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative (SRMGI) that reviews the different perspectives and governance possibilities related to Solar Radiation Management.

    Download the report

Also of interest

Fellows working in this area

  • Professor Eric Wolff FRS

    Professor Eric Wolff FRS

    Elected 2010

  • Professor Eric Wolff FRS

    • Fellow
    • Elected:2010
    • Honorary Professor, School of Environmental Sciences, University of East AngliaHonorary Fellow, British Antarctic SurveyRoyal Society Research Professor, Department of Earth Sciences (Downing Street), University of Cambridge

Professor Eric Wolff

Professor Eric Wolff is a Royal Society Research Professor at the Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge.

He uses the chemical composition of ice cores to reveal the nature of Earth’s past climates and led the science group of the European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica, which produced detailed climate records spanning back 800,000 years.

Read more
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