As science expands our understanding of the world it can lead to the emergence of new technologies. These can bring huge benefits, but also challenges, as they change society’s relationship with the world. Scientists, developers and wider society must ensure that we maximise the benefits from new technologies whilst minimising these challenges.
Regulation is important here, but the research and development process is also key. Which technologies are explored, and how they develop, are decisions that shape and direct society. Therefore wider society must be involved in deciding how technologies develop and where research and development effort is focussed.