The key conclusion arising from the meeting was that there is no single best solution in moving towards a low carbon future: an integrated approach making best use of all available technologies is required. A number of areas were suggested that require considerable research to be undertaken now if we are to be able to make full future use of technologies such as renewables, bio-energy and fusion. Nontechnological developments were also seen as essential in realising the potential technological developments.
The report describes views expressed at the meeting. Presentations and summaries from each of the topics covered during the meeting are given below. The report, presentations and summaries do not necessarily represent the views of the Royal Society or those of all the meeting speakers and participants.