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Search help

You can start a simple search by typing keywords in to the ‘Search Term’ field. If you type multiple words into this field, search results will show either 1 or more of your keywords.

To narrow your search to an exact phrase, enclose your keywords in quotation marks, eg “signal transduction”.

You can also search our journals by

  • Exact citation: enter the year, volume and starting page number or article ID number in the appropriate fields under the Citation heading
  • Partial citation: if you know the starting page number or article ID, enter it in the First Page field
  • Title: full titles, or fragments, should be entered in "quotation marks"
  • Author: characters not falling in the English A-Z alphabet should be replaced with a wildcard character (*). The author’s last name is the main identifier
  • Keywords: keywords can either be searched in the Title/Abstract, the Bibliography or anywhere in the article (which includes the title/abstract). Single letters and common words (eg ‘the’) cannot be searched
  • Date Ranges: limit your search results by year of publication, or limit the search results to articles for which the full text is available on-line by using the starting date for full-text availability
  • DOI: a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is a unique alphanumeric identifier applied to a specific piece of intellectual property, particularly 1 presented online. Enter a complete DOI to return an exact match; partial DOIs and wildcards do not work here.
  • Articles from a particular institution: authors' addresses and affiliations are indexed and can be searched using the Full Text field
  • Articles that cite a paper written by a certain author: search for the author's last name in the Bibliography field
  • Journals, Subject Collections: limit your search results to 1 or more journals or subject collections by selecting your chosen journals and fields from the drop-down lists provided
  • Open Access articles: limit your search results to open access articles only by checking the tick box.


The search mechanism uses stemming to find similar words. For example, a search on


may turn up articles containing similar words such as transcript and transcribed. If you wish to disable stemming, enclose each individual keyword in quotation marks.


The wildcard character (*) can be used to search the beginning fragments of words, forcing a match with any word containing a given root. For example, a search for


will return articles containing “child”, “childcare”, and “children”; likewise, a search for


will return articles containing “phosphatase” and “phosphate”.

Wildcards can also be used to truncate words before non-English characters such as an umlaut (ü) or an accent (é).